Some of the 91,000 German & Romanian Prisoners taken at the end of fighting on 2nd February 1943. Only about 6,000 would ever return to Germany, the last of which would do so in 1955. Bitter Street Fighting in the city. Workers from the Tractor Factory head out to the Front Line. Fighting to take one of the Factories. Von Paulus' Staff after the German surrender. The "Mother Motherland" Commemorative statue that stands above the city on Mamayev Kurgan. Aftermath of the Battle. The city was a virtual wasteland after the Battle. It had been a model of modern Communist thinking. Hence why Stalin had named it for himself and why he was determined to defend it no matter what the cost. Once Stalin had died and his reign of terror ended in 1953, Stalingrad was renamed Volgagrad which it is still called today.