Yeah - look at how we did in Malaya. Communists try & take over. We (Brits) try & stop them. We basically do the whole 'hearts & minds' trip. We offered them independance if they help us win. We convinced them that Communism is really not what they want. Especially Peking-sponsored Communism. We point out that Commies intimidate locals, but we are nice & helpful, and also protect the locals from intimidation. And we did (as the Yanks did in Vietnam) win military victories. It took years & years, but it worked. Malaya was made easier by the fact that the Communist infiltrators belonged to an ethnic minority group in the country (Chinese), which made isolating their support base much simpler.