Before Klara’s death in 1909 Hitler had already asked the Academy’s president, Professor Sigmund Allemand why he was not eligible to enter, and he was informed that his drawings: "Showed an unfitness for painting, and that your ability obviously lay in the field of architecture." (Hitler, Mein Kampf) Sigmund Allemand was Jewish, but only one of the many men on the acceptance board, not all of whom were Jewish. Years later Hitler would blame his "artistic" misfortune on not being able to enter the academy because of an obvious "Jewish conspiracy." (Hitler’s Table-Talk, 1941) This is false, Allemand was a Jew, and delivered the news, but Hitler wasn’t the only young man to get the bad news after the two days of examinations which were required, with candidates choosing from groups of themes such as "Expulsion from Paradise," "The Hunt," "Spring," "Death," "Joy," "Music," "Episode from the Deluge," and "Dance." Hitler's surviving examination drawings include Nos. 44-46. In the classification list for the entrants, officials at the Academy wrote the following entry after Hitler's name (this still exists in Vienna): "(Born in) Braunau-on-the-Inn, upper Austria, April 20, 1889, German, Catholic. Father civil servant. 4 classes in Realschule. Few heads (drawn). Test drawing unsatisfactory. Hitler was not alone since a total of 87 other candidates failed that examination, 52 of whom had their records also marked "test drawing unsatisfactory". This was of course his first of two failed exams, in Oct. 1907. When he was frustrated this time on the grounds that his "art" exhibited more architectural skill than artistic talent; his failing to pursue architecture was his own fault, and no-one else. Not a "Jew conspiracy" as he later claimed in Mein Kampf. That is because he had refused to take his final graduation testing for Real Schule (knowing the areas where he was weakest were those which would be tested) in order to obtain his graduation diploma. So even though he always admitted architecture was his great love, his lack of a secondary school diploma effectively barred any pursuance of architectural studies at the technical institute of Vienna. Most of the others who failed their entry exams in Vienna received no comment at all, so he obviously showed a "skill", just not the artistic "talent" required for the Fine Arts Academy. Of the total of 115 candidates, only 28 were accepted for first year studies. Academy standards were high and selection criteria were vigorous. At that time failure was neither uncommon nor proof of inability. Acceptance by the Academy, however, virtually guaranteed recognition by the rather closed circle of artists in Austria and made critical and commercial success easier. Artistic careers outside Academy circles also were possible, but considerably more difficult and unusual. After his unsuccessful bid for admission, Hitler briefly took art lessons from a Viennese sculptor and made a second attempt to enter the Academy the following year. He failed yet again. Then he took piano lessons, failed at mastering that, started writing poetry and growing his hair long, he failed to sell any poetry, and finally started making a living painting postcards and water colors which he sold through a Jewish friend who owned a gallery. He made enough money doing this to move into the Mannerheim (the best men's hostel) in Vienna, where he lived for three years before moving to Munich. He came close to being expelled from the Mannerheim when his income bordered on the 1500 kroner a year limit. Remember he was still receiving that 240 kroner a year tax free orphans pension, so he must have been legally taking in (and reporting/paying taxes on) about 100 kroner a month, i.e. 1200 kroner per year. The Mannerheim had been established by a Jewish family, and the "powers that be" allowed the young Hitler to skirt the income limit and stay there anyway. Hitler didn’t start hating Jews because of his failure at the Vienna Academy, nor did he begin hating Jews because his mother passed away from breast cancer while under the care of a Jewish physician. He admired and protected Dr. Eduard Bloch, even allowing the Dr. to emigrate without hindrance. He made special dispensations so the Dr. Bloch could continue to practice medicine (a unique waiver), not to wear the "yellow star", and to continue to live in his home. Hitler's anti-Semite stand came into existance as a political expedient post-WW1, finding a suitable "scapegoat" the NSDAP party could point a finger at. At least that is how I see it, remember the fellow who nominated and awarded him both his second and first class Iron Cross medals, as well as his Wound Badge was a Jewish officer.