Interesting info on the Waffen-SS and SS from Heinz Höhne "The order of the death´s head" " On 22nd April 1941 Himmler laid down the units which he intended to regard as part of Waffen-SS. Hitherto he had accepted OKW´s decision that the Waffen-SS consisted only of the fighting formations, their replacement units, the Totenkopf standarten and the three cadet schools in Brunswick,Bad Tölz and Klagenfurt. But now, on the eve of Barbarossa, and in control of the four divisions, Himmler felt himself strong enough arbitrarily to extend the meaning of "Waffen-SS". In a Führungshauptamt directive he set out 179 units and agencies all now to be considered an integral part of the Waffen-SS- and they included the concentration camps, their adminstrative staffs and the Totenkopd guard units, in other words all those organisations that had been formed in 1939 when Eicke´s Totenkopfverbände were relieved from concentration-camp duty;their personnel consisted of men unfit for service from the Allgemeine-SS, the Kyffhäuserbund and the SA. From now on the concentration-camp guards ranked as members of Waffen-SS. They carried the same pay-books, they wore the same uniform..."