and I will repeat once again the Ranger operated in the North Sea as part of the RN's Home Fleet. If the ship can operate in the North Sea it can operate in the Pacific . Now as far as the supposed top heaviness the USN could do as the IJN did with the Shoho's simply reduce it's airgroup which in the latter's case was at one time 21 fighters & 16 torpedo bombers then became 21 fighters & 9 torpedo bombers. I see no reason the Ranger couldn't operate say about 3 squadrons of F4F's for about 54 fighters & 1 squadron of SBD's for 18 dive bomber which the Ranger did operate at one time. In this setup it could operate like the Independence CVL's did,i.e. act like a CAP role CV. It was also brought up about the Langley well she could act like a ferry and I think she had the same speed as Hiyo/Junyo that Glenn has suggested the IJN could use as a fleet CV's.