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Oskar Dirlewanger

Discussion in 'Massacres and Atrocities of the Second World War' started by white, Nov 23, 2007.

  1. white

    white New Member

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    If you have ever wondered what the second world war was about you must read about this ss officer, a Doctor, iron cross 1 & 2 knights cross with gold oak leaves, struck off for raping a fourteen year old girl and molesting others. Oskar Dirlewanger was not a nice man brutal and sadistic and brave dangerous combination.Wounded on many occasions he always led his men (mostly convicts) into action, total nutcase he was eventually tortured to death by the Polish. This makes me glad and proud that we had people like Brian Guy on our side.
     
  2. Jim

    Jim New Member

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    Very Interesting read, after more searching on this subject i found many interesting reads, including these below.

    Founder and commander of the band of criminals who became the most notorious unit of world war two.​


    General Dr. Oskar Dirlewanger was born on September 26, 1895. No matter what his historical role as a butcher on the battlefield, he was a very intelligent and apparently almost suicidal brave man. Dirlewanger was born to a middle class family in the Schwaban region of Imperial Germany. He attended University and joined the army as a reserve lieutenant at the beginning of world war one. He was twice wounded and won both classes of the Iron Cross. In the confusing period of postwar Weimar Germany he continued to serve as a soldier in various Freikorps street brigades until as late as 1920. He then finished his postgraduate education, becoming a professor of Political Science. He joined the NSDAP (Nazi party) in 1923, but was eventually expelled after he first joined it because he crashed a staff car while fooling around with a young girl. He rejoined years later.

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    Dirlewanger's questionable personality came to the surface in 1934 when he was convicted of molesting a young girl. Because of this he became bankrupt and lost his career on top of serving a two year prison sentence. On the loose for only a few months he was arrested and sent to the Dachau concentration camp for a second molestation charge. While at Dachau he contacted an old army friend now high up in the SS and obtained release from the camp on condition that he join the newly formed Condor Legion of Nazi volunteers fighting in the Spanish Civil war in Spain. He was wounded three times and returned to Germany when the unit disbanded in 1939. He was then granted a commission in the SS as a SS-Untersturmführer. However since he was known to be a rather loathsome individual (even by the SS's standards!) he was considered something of a pariah. In June 1940, when an idea came to fruition to form an anti-partisan security unit from all of the convicted poachers sitting in German prisons, the man chosen was Dirlewanger. The 2000 imprisoned poachers were only able to scrounge 84 physically fit volunteers so Dirlewanger was instructed to recruit condemned men from the SS's penal units to flesh out the unit. By July the unit was dubbed after its already infamous commander, SS-Sonderkommando Dirlewanger and numbered 300 or so troopers. The unit was sent to the eastern front held the worst record for atrocities possibly in modern history. Expanded to a battalion in September and then to a full three battalion regiment in 1943, it combed concentration camps, POW centers, and every black hole in Hitler’s Germany and attracted the worst of the worst. During the war Dirlewanger was wounded seven times from 1940-45, always leading his band of criminals from the front. He received the clasp (second award) to his Iron Cross II on May 24, 1942, and that to his Iron Cross I on September 16, 1942. Twice the unit was all but wiped out, only to be rebuilt from scratch. In December 1944 it was doubled in size and formed into a brigade of some 4000 men. On 14 February 1945, the brigade was renamed 36.Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS. Although upgraded to divisional status, it never reached above brigade strength. Dirlewanger would never have the chance to command this division, however.


    On the February 15th, Dirlewanger was seriously injured in combat for the twelfth time. Oskar Dirlewanger was recovering from his last wound at a hospital in Althausen, Bavaria, at the end of the war. On June 1st, 1945, French occupation forces used Polish soldiers in their service to forcibly bring him to the Althausen jail. Dirlewanger was beaten and tortured over the next several days. He died under torture from the Polish guards during the night of June 4-5. This information was suppressed at the time, and this led to many fantastic stories of sightings of him all over the world. He was something of a Nazi version of Bigfoot with sightings of him everywhere. He was said to have served in the French Foreign legion at Dien Bien Phu, or spotted in Paraguay teaching at the military academy, or even as an advisor to the CIA-backed dictator General Mohammed Naguib in Egypt. These stories however were put to an end when his remains were exhumed at Althausen and identified in 1960. His troubled soul is buried there in a plainly marked grave.

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  3. Jim

    Jim New Member

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    Made up of criminals and led by a rapist and child molester it's was Hitler's real life Dirty Dozen.​



    The SS had an idea to use military service to rehabilitate convicts, beginning with poachers. It was felt that these men could be made into good soldiers, mainly because they were experienced at riflery and wood craft. It was felt that poachers were in possession of skills which would make them excellent scouts and anti-partisan troops. On June 15, 1940, the Wilddiebkommando Oranienburg (Poacher's Command) was formed.. By July 1, 1940, the unit numbered 84 men.

    By the end of the year the unit was composed of increasing numbers of military criminals drawn from the so called 999 penal battalions and the SS Military Prison Camp at Matzlau near Danzig (nowGdansk in Poland). These were soldiers who had committed burglary, simple assaults and the like. While these men were to have been rehabilitated, they were in fact provided them with the ability to continue committing criminal acts with no repercussions. Desertion was common as these criminals often released themselves on their own recognizance. Some of the volunteers were kept locked in buildings while away from the front because of their unreliability! As the news spread of the unit, hundreds of concentration camp prisoners applied for service. It grew to a strength of some 700 men by 1941 and was sent to perform anti-partisan duties in occupied Poland. It was renamed after its new commander Oskar Dirlewanger.

    While there it was answerable only to the head of the SS- Heinrich Himmler, himself. During the battalion's service in Poland, it was involved in numerous cases of corruption, looting, rape, indiscriminate slaughter, and beatings. The military governor of the area, General FW Krüger, was disgusted with the behavior of Dirlewanger and had the unit transferred from Poland to Russia. Its conduct in Russia, rather than improving, worsened and atrocities were epidemic. From the summer of 1942 till the summer of 1944 Dirlewanger troops were based in Logoisk (now Belarus) .The battalion participated in the antipartisan punitive operations code named "May-bug", "Nordsee", "Karlsbad", "Frida", "Horgnung", "Jacob", "Magic flute", "Kottbus", "Gunter", "German" and others. In these operations over 200 villages were destroyed by the battalion and more than 120,000 civilians were killed. While in Russia, Dirlewanger's replacements came from the entire Nazi prison system and included homosexuals, increasing numbers of political prisoners (communists, socialists, trade unionists, and anarchists who applied in hope of defecting to the Soviets), patients from psychiatric hospitals and, as well as others considered unfit to serve in normal military units.

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    The battalion tripled in size and was designated SS-Sonderregiment Dirlewanger. In May 1943, the ability to volunteer for service in the regiment was extended to all criminals, even those convicted of the most heinous crimes. Fifteen hundred men convicted of the most severe crimes including sex crimes, murder and arson were absorbed into the regiment. On December 30, 1943, it was wiped out in combat with the Soviet army, reporting strength of only 200 men left. Rebuilt to a full regiment of 2000, it resumed anti-partisan operations in Byelorussia which reduced the regiment's strength in half again by June1944. Withdrawn from Russia to rebuild it went into back into combat in August as part of the notorious effort to raise Warsaw and put down the rebellion of the Polish Home Army. There in the Wola district, the regiment took part in the execution of tens of thousands of civilians. The unit was then rebuilt to brigade strength (4000 men) from new criminal drafts and designated SS-Sonderbrigade Dirlewanger. It fought against the Slovak uprising in October. The unit was then sent to the frontline again which was by then in Hungary. There the political prisoners held by the unit deserted in mass to the Soviets. Little did they understand that the Red Army did not accept prisoners in SS uniforms and they were -more often that not -killed in brutal manner.

    In February 1945, plans were put in action to expand the brigade to divisional status, however before this could begin it was sent north to the Oder line to attempt to halt the Soviet advance. It was designated the 36.Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS. The disgraced former commander of the 4.SS-Polizei-Division, SS-Brigadeführer Fritz Schmedes, was given command as Dirlewanger was sent to the rear, suffering from his 12th war wound. The new division had many regular German troops assigned including a Pioneer and a heavy Panzerjäger component. Desertion was rampant and when Schmedes attempted to reorganize his division on 25 April in th face of a fresh Soviet offensive, he found it basically didn’t exist. The thin dicipline of the units broke down and near anarchy ensued. Men of the 73rd Regiment even lynched their commanding officer (the repulsive SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Ewald Ehlers former commandant of the Dachau concentration camp).

    The remaining elements of the unit disbanded south of Magdeburg and attempted to reach the western allies. Most of the men were captured and executed by the Soviets; however Schmedes and his command staff managed to reach the Americans and surrendered on 3 May, 1945. Tragically the legacy of this unit of butchers did not in fact die there. Today a Swedish neo-Nazi band is named Dirlewanger and the Crossed grenades patch of the 36th Division has become a hate symbol with skinhead groups.

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  4. Jim

    Jim New Member

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    Starting with a company sized group of under a hundred poachers in 1940 it grew to a full sized division of nearly 6000 by 1945. Its ORBAT and TOE is detailed below.

    Table of Organisation and Order of Battle of the Dirlwanger units 1940-1945
    Lineage

    Wilddiebkommando Oranienburg (15 June 1940 - July 1940) consisted of 84 men of whom 79 (94%) were poachers. The unit was equipped with standard German army weapons and SS combat uniforms.

    SS-Sonderkommando Dirlewanger (July 1940 - 1 Sep 1940) 300 men, two thirds of them minor criminals from penal units.


    SS-Sonderbataillon Dirlewanger (1 Sep 1940 - Sep 1943) 700 men, mostly from military prisons, the original poachers almost completely wiped out.

    SS-Sonderregiment Dirlewanger (Sep 1943- Dec 1944) 2000 men split roughly into one third foreign volunteers, concentration camp inmates, and hardcore military penal convicts. The foreign volunteers were typically polish and Russian criminals who were wiped out in combat and not replaced. The equipment and armament of the unit was mainly cast off Italian and Soviet gear. During this time it wasn’t uncommon for the troopers to carry out their tasks while masked.

    SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger (19 Dec 1944 - 20 Feb 1945) 4000 men of whom, roughly 40% were inmates and another 40% from penal units.

    Attached units of the Brigade

    • SS-Regiment 1
    • SS Regiment 2
    • Artillerie-Abteilung
    • Füsilier-Kompanie
    • Pioneer-Kompanie
    • Nachrichtren-Kompanie

    Polish civilians murdered by German SS forces (Oskar Dirlewanger) in Warsaw Uprising, August 1944.

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    36. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS, (20 Feb 1945 - May 1945) 6000 men of whom 40% were from penal units, 15% concentration camp inmates, and 45% were regular German army. This divisional unit was formed on February 20th, 1945 while at the Oder front from the SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger and from parts of a number of homeless regular Army (not SS) units. It was a division in name only, and was considered by far the worst unit in the SS. Quality and quantities of armaments, training and leadership varied greatly not only from regiment to regiment but from platoon to platoon.

    Attached units of the Division:

    • 72.Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment der SS
    • 73.Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment der SS
    • Panzer-Abteilung Stansdorf I
    • Artillerie Abteilung 36
    • Füsilier Kompanie 36
    • 687.Pioneer-Brigade
    • 1244. Grenadier-Regiment- Grenadier-Regiment 1244 was made up a mix of men from various sources, about half of them were students from NCO schools and about a quarter came from the Volkssturm.
    • 681.Panzerjaeger-Abteilung

    Source
     

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