U.S. Medal Question
Posted 01 October 2007 - 04:51 PM
It's about an inch tall, in the shape of a shield, and displays a white, five-pointed star on a black field. Inside the star is an Indian head in profile, with full feather headdress.
Frankly, I don't even know whether it's military, and if so what period.
Any help appreciated.
Posted 01 October 2007 - 05:18 PM
Posted 01 October 2007 - 05:21 PM
The Second Infantry Division (Indianhead) patch is one of the most recognized unit emblems in the U. S. Army because of its distinctive design and 80 years of proud service by it's Warriors. The origin of the patch goes back to the earliest day
of the division's history. While training with the French in 1917, Col. Herringshaw of the Service and Support Supply of the Second Infantry Division noticed that the French trucks were marked with symbols representing the unit to which each belonged.. He sponsored a contest among his men to design a symbol for his trucks. There were three winners: first prize winner was a design featuring an Indianhead: second prize went to a plain white star and the third prize is lost to history. The colonel was not completely satisfied and it is believed that , by chance, he combined the two symbols of the white star and the Indianhead and liked what he saw.
Some theories say the the single star represented the state of Texas, while other claim the star is from the American flag. Regardless, the design was then sent to command headquarters for approval. Brig. Gen. Omar Bundy, division commander, not only approved the symbol but also ordered it put on his staff car. The size and shape of the patch changed in October 1918 when Maj Gen. John A LeJeune, the new division commander, decided the color of the cloth behind each patch should represent the different divisional units. He also directed the Indianhead was to be patterned after the Indian on the $10 gold piece.
After World War I, the background of the patch was adopted from the design of the American shield. In World War II it finally took the shape, size, and color it has today.
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