Jump to content


Photo
- - - - -

Volkssturm Small Arms


  • Please log in to reply
3 replies to this topic

#1 zippo

zippo

    Member

  • Members
  • PipPipPipPipPip
  • 239 posts

Posted 30 July 2009 - 03:34 AM

I was inspired to get some info. together from some of my texts after going through the Volkssturm thread started by Wolfy a while back.
(http://www.ww2f.com/...-volksturm.html)

I take no credit for any of this information, but I find the makeshift weapons fascinating in light of the conditions they were made in.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

German Volkssturmm Rifles taken from Small Arms of the World 11th Edition by W.B.H. Smith

Volkssturm Gewehr 1 (VG1)

The 7.92mm VG1 was a last ditch weapon made in the last days of World War II. It has a crudely made bolt and stock and uses the magazine of the semiautomatic Model 43 rifle.
Firing the VG1 can be a risky affair, since they were made at the low point of German manufacture in World War II.

Volkssturm Karabiner 98 (VK98)

The 7.92mm VK98 uses the model 98 action combined with miscellaneous barrels from old German and foreign Mausers. The stock is very crude and is of unfinished, unseasoned wood. Most of these weapons were single shot, but some were fitted with the semiautomatic Model 43 rifle magazine.

Posted Image




Maschinenpistole 3008 (MP3008)taken from Military Small Arms of the 20th Century 7th Ed. By Ian V. Hogg and John S. Weeks

The MP3008 is another example of a weapon deliberately copied from the Sten, but in this case the motives were different. In the last few months of 1944, the German High Command was desperate for cheap and simple weapons with which to replace the staggering losses in Russia, and to arm the raw battalions of young men who were to make the last stand against the Allies. At the same time, the Volksstrum and various guerrilla bands were forming, all demanding arms.

The British Sten had been one of the outstanding successful designs of the war, despite it’s drawbacks, and it was noted for its economy of material and uncomplicated design. Accordingly, it was copied in an even cruder and simpler form, and several firms manufactured as many as the circumstances allowed. The resulting guns differed widely in finish and some were among the worst finished weapons ever made, but they worked, which was that was required of them.

The most obvious difference from the Sten was in the vertical magazine which fed upwards into the receiver. There were other changes, particularly in the design of the butt and in the joining and pinning of the components.

Approximately 10,000 of these weapons were made and, although few saw action, it was remarkable enough that these guns had been manufactured in the chaotic conditions then prevailing in a Germany where raw materials and machining facilities were in equally short supply.

Caliber: 9mm Length: 31.5 inches Weight: 6 lb 8oz Barrel: 7.75 in 6 or 8 grooves, right hand twist Magazine: 32-round detachable box Cyclic rate: 500 rds/min. Muzzle velocity: 1250 ft/sec



Posted Image



Versuchs-Gerat 1-5 or Volksstrum-Gewehr 1-5 taken from Military Small Arms of the 20th Century 7th Ed.

The VG 1-5 was a self loading assault rifle hurriedly developed by the Suhl based Gustloft-Werke as part of the Primitiv Waffen Programm of 1944: the weapons were intended for issued to the Volksstrum and sundry last-ditch organizations which ultimately came to nothing.

The rifle was designed by Barnitzke, Gustlof-Werke’s chief designer, who had developed the operating principles in 1943, taking the MP-43 as his base. The VG 1-5 is remarkable as the mechanism incorporates a textbook case of delayed blowback operation.

The VG 1-5 was designed to fire the 7.92x39mm Kurz cartridge, and in order to simplify production, used the 30 round magazine developed for the MP-43. Small scale production is said to have begun in January 1945, but none of the few weapons which were found after the war bear formal Wehrmacht acceptance stamps and it is presumed that whatever production did take place was entirely on the initiative of the factory staff, who, by that time, doubtless had one ear cocked for the approaching Red Army.

Caliber: 7.92x39mm Kurz Length: 35.85 inches Weight: 10 lbs Barrel: 14.90 inches 4 grooves, right hand twist Magazine: 30 round detachable box Muzzle velocity: 2150 ft/sec


Posted Image
Image taken from Small Arms of the World 11th Ed.
Posted Image
Image taken from : Desperate Measures The Last-Ditch Weapons of the Nazi Volkssturm by W Darrin Weaver

Note the VG 1-5 in the soldiers hands bottom left.

  • JagdtigerI likes this
""The object of war is not to die for your country, but to make the other bastard die for his." George Patton" George S. Patton

#2 aglooka

aglooka

    Member

  • Members
  • PipPipPipPip
  • 66 posts

Posted 30 July 2009 - 05:25 PM

How widely spread were these special volkssturm weapons ? I always had the impression that they were mostly armed with any booty arms that could be found in stocks. (which was also already the case with regular troops)

Aglooka

#3 zippo

zippo

    Member

  • Members
  • PipPipPipPipPip
  • 239 posts

Posted 30 July 2009 - 06:46 PM

I believe it was quite limited. I'm sure distribution was hampered and as pointed out in the other thread, it was certianly a grab bag of weapons used.

I thought I read somewhere that the Italian Carcano was also thrown into the fray quite often. I will try to post info. as I come across it.
""The object of war is not to die for your country, but to make the other bastard die for his." George Patton" George S. Patton

#4 aglooka

aglooka

    Member

  • Members
  • PipPipPipPip
  • 66 posts

Posted 02 August 2009 - 08:53 PM

I have here the "Enzyclopadie Deutscher waffen" by Gander and Chamberlain. And almost any captured rifle was used by occupation troops of the land of origin, so must have been even worse for the Volkssturm. And indeed the Carcano is mentioned as having been used by the Volkssturm in high numbers.

Aglooka




0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users