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Today in the History of the Pacific Theater


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#1 Bill Murray

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Posted 15 November 2004 - 09:31 PM

Second Naval Battle of Guadalcanal
(November 14-15, 1942)


Having lost practically every cruiser in the inventory either sunk or damaged, the American forces left to dispute Japan's ability to reinforce Guadalcanal were running thin. As the damaged survivors of the Battle of Friday the Thirteenth withdrew, the Americans knew that the Japanese were moving another force into the area. The American theatre commander, William Halsey, reacted by detaching the fast battleships of Enterprise's screen to the constricted waters of the Sound. Under the command of Rear Admiral Willis Lee, the South Dakota and Washington, along with a nominal screen of four destroyers, arrived off of Savo on November 14.

Down from the north came another Japanese force bent on bombarding Henderson Field. The Kirishima, a survivor of the battle two nights before, along with heavy cruisers Atago and Takao, formed the bulk of the force. In the resulting melee, South Dakota had a bad go of it, repeatedly losing power due to faulty electrical equipment, and was unable to contribute much to the battle. Taken under fire by Kirishima and practically every ship in the Japanese main body, her superstructure was riddled and her radar disabled. However, her watertight integrity was never damaged a whit. And in the meantime, Washington had approached undetected to within 8,400 yards of the Japanese force. Taking Kirishima under fire at 0005, she quickly buried the Japanese battlewagon under an avalanche of 16" and 5" fire. By 0012 she was a floating wreck. Washington proceeded to sink Ayanami, and then began a gradual disengagement from the action, avoiding several torpedo attacks in the process. For the Japanese, it was the end of any hope of wresting Guadalcanal from the Americans; in the course of three days of constant fighting in and around the area, they had lost two battleships, one heavy cruiser, three destroyers and eleven combat transports, not to mention 5,000 infantrymen drowned, and several thousand naval casualties. From this point on, the Japanese would never stop retreating in the Pacific.
For more information:
http://www.ww2pacific.com/nbgc.html
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#2 Za Rodinu

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Posted 16 November 2004 - 10:15 AM

Hooraaaay for the Battlewagons smile.gif

Quousque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra...


#3 Friedrich

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Posted 16 November 2004 - 05:43 PM

Thanks a lot, Bill! Very interesting information.

Think the Americans did quite a good job there. Well, they had to, above all after the massacre they went through at Savo… :eek:
"War is less costly than servitude, the choice is always between Verdun and Dachau." - Jean Dutourd, French veteran of both world wars

"A mon fils: depuis que tes yeux sont fermes les miens n’ont cessé de pleurir." - Mère française, Verdun

#4 Bill Murray

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Posted 17 November 2004 - 02:44 AM

November 16 1943

Corvina (SS-226) was launched 9 May 1943 by Electric Boat Co., Groton, Conn.; sponsored by Mrs. R. W. Christie; and commissioned 6 August 1943, Commander R. S. Rooney in command.

Clearing New London 18 September 1943, Corvina arrived at Pearl Harbor 14 October. She put out from Pearl Harbor on her maiden war patrol 4 November, topped off her fuel tanks at Johnston Island 6 November, and was never heard from again. Her assignment had been a dangerous one: To patrol as closely as possible to the heavily guarded stronghold of Truk and to intercept any Japanese sortie endangering the forthcoming American invasion of the Gilberts (Operation Galvanic). Japanese records report that I-176 fired three torpedoes at an enemy submarine south of Truk 16 November, claiming two hits which resulted in the explosion of the target. If this was Corvina she was the only American submarine to be sunk by a Japanese submarine in the entire war. Her loss with her crew of 82 was announced 14 March 1944.
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#5 Bill Murray

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Posted 17 November 2004 - 02:59 AM

Originally posted by General der Infanterie Friedrich H:
Thanks a lot, Bill! Very interesting information.

Think the Americans did quite a good job there. Well, they had to, above all after the massacre they went through at Savo… :eek:

Not only there but also the thorough beating they had taken just the night before during the 1st Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. In this battle the US fleet of 2 heavy cruisers, 3 light cruisers and 8 destroyers, faced a Japanese force of 2 battleships, 1 light cruiser and 9 destroyers. When all was said and done, the US had both heavy cruisers severly damaged, 1 light cruiser sunk with the other 2 severly damaged and limping away. One of these being the USS Juneau which was sunk by a Japanese submarine on the 15th causing it to sink almost immediately (also costing the lives of all 5 Sullivan Brothers). 4 destroyers were also sunk in the initial battle with 1 being heavily damaged. For their trouble the US forces were able to sink 1 battleship and 2 destroyers while damaging another destroyer.
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#6 Bill Murray

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Posted 18 November 2004 - 12:27 AM

Novemeber 17, 1941

While not specific to the Pacific Theater, it is still relevent nevertheless.
Congress amends Neutrality Act to allow U.S. merchant ships to be armed. Navy's Bureau of Navigation directs Navy personnel with Armed Guard training to be assigned for further training before going to Armed Guard Centers for assignment to merchant ships.
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#7 Bill Murray

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Posted 18 November 2004 - 12:50 AM

November 17 1943

From the Dictionary of American Fighting Ships

The first MCKEAN (DD-90) was laid down by Union Iron Works, San Francisco, Calif., 12 February 1918; launched 4 July 1918; sponsored by Miss Helen La Monte Ely; and commissioned at San Francisco 2O February 1919, Lt. Comdr. Raleigh C. Williams in command.
MCKEAN served in the Atlantic from 1919 to 1922; made a cruise to European waters between May and July 1919; operated primarily out of New York and Charleston; and decommissioned at Philadelphia 19 June 1922. Reclassified APD-5 on 2 August, 1940, she recommissioned at Norfolk 11
December 1940, Lt. Comdr. Thomas Burrows in command, and resumed duty with the fleet.
Following the outbreak of war in the Pacific 7 December 1941, MCKEAN departed the east coast 10 May 1942 and reached the South Pacific 20 July to prepare for the invasion of the Solomons. She landed troops at Tulagi 7 August and during the next several months made escort and supply runs from bases in New Caledonia and the New Hebrides to American positions in the southern Solomons. She departed the South Pacific 31 January 1943; and, after completing a cruise to the west coast for overhaul, she resumed escort and patrol operations between the New Hebrides and the Solomons 21 June. Between July and November she took part in amphibious operations in the central Solomons, landing troops at beachheads on New Georgia and Rendova. In addition she patrolled the waters off Guadalcanal and up the Slot to New Georgia.
In October she completed preparations for operations in the Treasury Islands and Bougainville. She landed fighting men on Mono Island 27 October, including a construction team which installed a vital search radar in less than a week's time. Following the brilliant American naval victory over Japanese forces in the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay during the darkness of 2 November MCKEAN steamed with a reinforcement convoy to Bougainville and on the 6th landed marines near Cape Torokina, Empress
Augusta Bay. She carried additional troops to Bougainville 11 November, thence returned to Guadalcanal for yet another troop run. With 185 marines embarked, MCKEAN sailed up the slot late 15 November. As she approached Empress Augusta Bay early 17 November, she was attacked by a torpedo plane which launched a torpedo off the starboard quarter. MCKEAN turned to avoid the deadly weapon; but at 0350 the torpedo struck the starboard side, exploding the after magazine and depth charge spaces and rupturing fuel oil tanks. Flaming oil engulfed MCKEAN aft of the No. 1 stack, and she lost all power and communications. Burning oil on the water killed men who were blown or jumped overboard. Her skipper, Lt. Comdr. Ralph L. Ramsey, ordered her
abandoned at 0355; at 0400 she began to sink by the stern. He went over the side 12 minutes later, her forward magazine and oil tank exploded at 0415; and her stacks disappeared at 0418.
Sixty-four of her complement and 52 of her embarked troops died from the explosions or flames. The survivors were picked up by rescuing
destroyers.
MCKEAN received four battle stars for World War II service.
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#8 Bill Murray

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Posted 18 November 2004 - 01:08 AM

November 17, 1943

Task Forces 52 and 53 unite approximatley 500 miles East of the Gilbert Islands and begin air strikes on Makin and Tarawa supported by cruiser and battleship gunfire, in preparation for Operation Galvanic (the invasion of Makin, Tarawa, Betio and Abemama.) This softening up would take place for approximately 48hrs before Marines and Army soldiers land.
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#9 Bill Murray

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Posted 18 November 2004 - 10:39 PM

November 18, 1943

The Japanese destroyer escort Sanae is sunk by the USS Bluefish (SS-222)in the area of the Philippines. Meanwhile, as Operation Galvanic continues, Makin and Tarawa continue to be subjected to intense aerial and naval bombardment.
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#10 Bill Murray

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Posted 20 November 2004 - 11:58 PM

November 20, 1943

Operation Galvanic kicks into high gear with elements of the 27th Infantry Division (165th Regimental Combat Team and 105th Infantry) land on Makin Atoll. It would take just over 3 days for General Ralph Smith to signal Adm. Kelly Turner that Makin was in American hands.
At the same time, over 18,000 Marines of the 2nd Marine Division were landed on Tarawa which was defended by 4500, well entrenched Japanese troops. After an initially disasterous landing in which at one point Major General Julian Smith was forced to radio his superior Gen. Holland Smith with the words "issue in doubt", the Marines with the assistance of artillery support from close in destroyers and air strikes from carriers planes plus half of the divisonal reserve were able to regroup and secure Tarawa by the 25th of November. After all was done about 17% of the Marines and Sailors who took part in the landings were killed and wounded (approx 3,110. Of the approximately 4500 Japanese on the island on 17 were captured alive in addition to 129 Korean slave laborers.
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#11 Bill Murray

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Posted 22 November 2004 - 11:41 PM

November 22, 1943

Japanese soldiers make a banzai charge after dark on Makin. As the soldiers of the US 27th ID find out in the morning the repulse of this attack leaves the US in command of the island, meanwhile heavy fighting is still taking place between Japanese soldiers and US Marines of 2nd MarDiv on the island of Tarawa. US Navy Seabees meanwhile land and begin the construction of an airfield on Abemama.
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#12 Bill Murray

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Posted 22 November 2004 - 11:48 PM

November 22, 1944

The British Far Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean, is reorganized, as the British Pacific Fleet is formed consisting of 4 heavy carriers (Indomitable, Victorious, Illustrious, and Indefatigable), 2 fast battleships plus supporting cruisers and destroyers. This fleet will shortly join in operations alongside units of the US Third/Fifth Fleets in the coming months.
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#13 Bill Murray

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Posted 24 November 2004 - 01:35 AM

November 23, 1941
U.S. occupies Surinam, Dutch Guiana, pursuant to agreement with the Netherlands government to protect bauxite mines.

November 23, 1943
-Betio, Tarawa Atoll, and Makin are declared secured.
-Cruiser and destroyer force (Rear Admiral Aaron S. Merrill) bombards Buka-Bonis area, Bougainville, Solomons.
-Motor torpedo boat PT-322, damaged by grounding off eastern New Guinea, is scuttled by U.S. forces.
-Submarine Blackfish (SS-221) sinks Japanese transport Yamato Maru between New Guinea and Palau.
-Submarine Capelin (SS-289) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Kizan Maru.
-Submarine Gudgeon (SS-212) attacks Takao-bound Japanese convoy, sinking Japanese escort vessel Wakamiya and army transport Nekka Maru, East China Sea, and damaging fleet tankers Ichiyo Maru and Goyo Maru.

November 23, 1944
-Attack transport James O'Hara (APA-90) is damaged by kamikaze off Leyte.
-U.S. freighter Gus W. Darnell is torpedoed by Japanese plane off Samar Island, P.I., and catches fire. Beached to facilitate salvage, the ship is ultimately declared a total loss. There are no fatalities among the 41-man merchant complement, 27-man Armed Guard, and 15 Army passengers, although 17 men are injured.
-Submarines Bang (SS-385) and Redfish (SS-395) attack Japanese convoy in the Formosa Strait; Bang sinks merchant cargo ship Sakae Maru and transport Amakusa Maru; Redfish sinks merchant cargo ship Hozan Maru.
-Submarine Gar (SS-206) lands men and supplies on west coast of Luzon.
-Submarine Picuda (SS-382) attacks Japanese convoy in Tsushima Strait, sinking merchant cargo ships Fukuju Maru and Shuyo Maru.
District patrol craft YP-383 is sunk in collision with infantry landing craft LCI(L)-873 in Gulf of Panama.
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#14 Bill Murray

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Posted 24 November 2004 - 05:22 PM

November 24, 1942
-Japanese forces land at Munda Point, New Georgia, Solomons.
-Submarine Snapper (SS-185) is damaged by aerial bombs and depth charges off northern Solomons, but remains on patrol.
-USAAF B-17s and B-25s and RAAF Beaufighters sink Japanese destroyer Hayashio in Huon Gulf between Lae and Finschafen, New Guinea, and damage torpedo boats Otori and Hiyodori east of Lae.
-USAAF B-17s also damage Japanese seaplane carrier Sanuki Maru in Shortland Harbor, Solomons.

November 24, 1943
-Escort carrier Liscome Bay (CVE-56) is sunk by Japanese submarine I-175, Gilberts during Operation Galvanic. I-175 does not escape unscathed, however, for she undergoes six hours of counterattacks by Liscome Bay's escorts; of the 34 depth charges counted, six explode close enough to damage I-175 so that she cannot "go deep."
-In successive separate attacks, USAAF B-24s and Navy PBYs damage Japanese light cruiser Yubari, as she attempts to transport soldiers and supplies to Garove. Damage to the ship prompts cancellation of her mission.
-USAAF B-25s damage Japanese lighthouse tender Heicho Maru, Amoy, China.

November 24, 1944
-USAAF B-29s based in the Marianas raid Tokyo, Japan, for the first time.
-Motor torpedo boats are relieved of patrol duty in the northern Solomons. Infantry landing craft gunboats [LCI(G)] and motor gunboats [PGM] will operate in their stead.
-Submarine chaser PC-1124 and infantry landing craft LCI-976 are damaged by dive bombers off Leyte.
-USAAF P-40s and P-47s (13th Air Force) attack one of the groups of ships involved in the 5th phase of the TA Operation, sinking submarine chaser Ch 46 and landing ships T.111, T.141 and T.160 in Cataingan Bay, Masbate Island.
-Japanese weather observation ship Tenkai No.3 is damaged by aircraft off Balabac, P.I.
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#15 Bill Murray

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Posted 25 November 2004 - 02:25 AM

[QUOTE]Originally posted by Bill Murray:
[QB] November 23, 1941
U.S. occupies Surinam, Dutch Guiana, pursuant to agreement with the Netherlands government to protect bauxite mines.

redface.gif Acccckkkkk. It appears that I have made a mistake. It has been pointed out to me that Suriname, Dutch Guiana (Guyana)is on the Atlantic Coast of South America and therefore not in the Pacific Theater. In my haste, I misread the section of the website I had been looking at when I found this information. Many thanks to Deep Web Diver for bringing this to my attention. Sorry for the confusion on this. redface.gif
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#16 Bill Murray

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Posted 25 November 2004 - 02:28 PM

November 25, 1941
-Japanese troop transports en route to Malaya are sighted off Formosa.
-Submarines Triton (SS-201) and Tambor (SS-198) arrive off Wake Island on simulated war patrols.

November 25, 1942
-USAAF B-25s and P-40s damage Japanese merchant cargo ship Ryokusei Maru at Canton, China.
-Japanese submarine I-17 lands 11 tons of supplies at Kamimbo Bay, Guadalcanal. Submarine missions to supply the beleaguered Japanese garrison on Guadalcanal will continue through the end of November.

November 25, 1943
-Tank landing ship LST-167 is damaged by dive bomber off Vella Lavella, Solomons.
-Submarine Bluefish (SS-222) damages Japanese merchant cargo ship Akashi Maru and escapes counterattack by escorting auxiliary minesweeper Wa 4.
-Submarines Bowfin (SS-287), Billfish (SS-286), and Bonefish (SS-223) attack Japanese convoy; Bowfin sinks tanker Kirishima Maru 220 nautical miles north of Nha Trang, French Indochina (now VietNam). None of the other attacks prove successful, and the enemy ships continue their passage to Manila.
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#17 Bill Murray

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Posted 25 November 2004 - 02:42 PM

November 25, 1944

TG 38.2 (Rear Admiral Gerald F. Bogan) and TG 38.3 (Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman) aircraft bomb Japanese shipping off central Luzon. Planes from carrier Ticonderoga (CV-14) sink heavy cruiser Kumano in Dasol Bay(Kumano had previously been torpedoed by three US Subs and damaged on Nov 6, she also broke free of her anchor and ran aground off Santa Cruz, Luzon on Nov 9). F6Fs, SB2Cs and TBMs from carriers Ticonderoga and Essex (CV-9), along with F6Fs and TBMs from small carrier Langley (CVL-27) attack convoy about 15 miles southwest of Santa Cruz, on the west coast of Luzon, and sink coast defense ship Yasojima (ex-Chinese cruiser Ping Hai),and landing ships T.112, T.142, and T.161. Planes from carrier Intrepid (CV-11) sink fast transports T.6 and T.10, and damage fast transport T.9 and escort destroyer Take, at Balanacan Harbor, Marinduque Island. Planes from Essex and Langley sink army cargo ship No.6 Manei Maru and damage cargo ship Kasagisan Maru in San Fernando harbor.
Kamikazes breach the fleet's fighter defenses, however, and press home determined attacks, damaging carriers Essex, Intrepid and Hancock (CV-19), and small carrier Cabot (CVL-28). Small carrier Independence (CVL-22) is damaged by crash of own aircraft into island structure.
Japanese merchant tanker Ceram Maru is damaged by aircraft in Manila Bay.
-Motor torpedo boat PT-363 is sunk by shore battery off Cape Gorango, Halmahera Island.
-Submarine Atule (SS-403) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Santos Maru off Sabtang Island, Luzon. Although Atule claims destruction of the escorting submarine chaser Ch 33, the latter survives the attack.
-Submarine Cavalla (SS-244) sinks Japanese destroyer Shimotsuki, west of Borneo.
-Submarine Haddo (SS-255) damages Japanese escort destroyer Shimushu.
-Submarine Hardhead (SS-365) attacks Japanese convoy about 60 miles west of Manila, and sinks Coast Defense Vessel No.38 off Bataan peninsula.
-Submarine Mingo (SS-261) attacks Japanese convoy SIMA-05, sinks army transport Manila Maru about 90 miles northwest of Miri, Sarawak, and survives a depth-charging by escort vessel Kurahashi.
-Submarine Pomfret (SS-391) sinks Japanese Patrol Boat No.38 and transport Shoho Maru, Luzon Strait.
-USAAF B-24s (14th Air Force), on night reconnaissance flight over the South China Sea, attack Japanese shipping south of Hainan Island, bombing and strafing Hida Maru and escorting minesweepers W.17 and W.18, damaging both minecraft. Hida Maru takes the crippled W.18 in tow.
-Chinese aircraft attack Japanese river gunboats on the Yangtze near Anking, China, sinking Fushimi and damaging Sumida.
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#18 Bill Murray

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Posted 26 November 2004 - 11:27 PM

November 26, 1941
-Japanese carrier task force (Vice Admiral Nagumo Chuichi), formed around six aircraft carriers, sails from remote Hittokappu Bay in the Kuriles, its departure shrouded in secrecy. Its mission, should talks between United States and Japan fail to resolve the diplomatic impasse over Far Eastern and Pacific questions, is to attack the U.S. Pacific Fleet wherever it is found in Hawaiian waters.
-Tug Sonoma (AT-12) sails from Wake Island with Pan American Airways barges PAB No. 2 and PAB No. 4 in tow, bound for Honolulu.

November 26, 1942
-USAAF B-26s damage Japanese merchant cargo ship Cheribon Maru off Attu, Aleutians.

November 26, 1943
-First Cairo (SEXTANT) Conference between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek ends.
-PV-1 (VP 138) attacks what is most likely Japanese submarine I-177, which is engaged in rescuing survivors of the Battle of Cape St. George. I-177 rescues some 200 Japanese sailors in the aftermath of the battle.
-USAAF B-25s sink Japanese auxiliary minesweeper Genchi Maru off Canton, China.
-Submarine Bowfin (SS-287) sinks Japanese army tanker Ogurasan Maru and merchant cargo ship Tainan Maru approx 10 miles of the coast of French Indochina (VietNam).
-Submarine Raton (SS-270) damages Japanese ammunition ship Onoe Maru; submarine chaser Ch 40 counterattacks but is damaged by the explosion of her own depth charges approx. 275 NW of Kaeving.
-Submarine Ray (SS-271) carries out unsuccessful attacks on Japanese cargo vessel Sumiyoshi Maru, but sinks Japanese transport Nikkai Maru approx 325 miles southwest of Truk.
-Submarine Tinosa (SS-283) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Shini Maru, and damages army cargo ship Taiyu Maru approx 25miles SE of Palaus.

November 26, 1944
-Submarine Raton (SS-270) sinks Japanese ammunition ship Onoe Maru approx 300 NW of Kaeving.
-Submarine Pargo (SS-264) damages Japanese fleet tanker Y_h_ Maru approx 30 NW of Brunei and although damaged by depth charges from one or both of the auxiliary vessel's escorts, remains on patrol.
-U.S. freighter Howell Lykes is bombed by Japanese planes, San Pedro Bay, Leyte, and damaged by near-misses; while there are no casualties among the 41-man Armed Guard and 58 Army passengers, two of the ship's 79-man merchant complement are wounded in the attack.
-Japanese minesweeper W.18 sinks as the result of damage inflicted by USAAF B-24s (14th Air Force) the previous night about 90 miles East of French Indochina (VietNam).
-Chinese planes damage Japanese river gunboats Hira and Hozu in the Yangtze River near Anking.
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#19 Bill Murray

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Posted 27 November 2004 - 07:49 PM

November 27, 1941
-Admiral Harold R. Stark, Chief of Naval Operations, sends "war warning" message to commanders of the Pacific and Asiatic Fleets. General George C. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff, sends a similar message to his Hawaiian and Philippine Department commanders.
-U.S. passenger liner President Madison, chartered for the purpose, sails from Shanghai, China, with the 2d Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel Donald Curtis, USMC) embarked, bound for the Philippines

November 27, 1942
-USAAF B-26s sink Japanese army cargo ship Kachosan Maru off Attu.

November 27, 1943
-Submarine Bowfin (SS-287) sinks Vichy French cargo ship Van Vollenhoven off coast of French Indochina.
Submarine Seahorse (SS-304) sinks Japanese fleet tanker San Ramon Maru in East China Sea.
-USAAF B-24s sink Japanese army hospital ship Buenos Aires Maru in Steffen Strait SW of Truk
-USAAF B-25s attack Japanese convoy, sinking transport Hakone Maru and damaging torpedo boat Tomodzuru in the straits between Formosa and China.

November 27, 1944
-Destroyers bombard Japanese positions at Ormoc Bay, Leyte; firing continues on 28 November. In Leyte Gulf, kamikazes sink submarine chaser SC-744, and damage battleship Colorado (BB-45) and light cruisers St. Louis (CL-49) and Montpelier (CL-57).
-Japanese planes also strike airfields and aircraft on the ground at Saipan in a surprise mid-day raid, destroying three USAAF B-29s and a P-47, and damaging three B-29s, a B-24 and a P-47.
-Organized Japanese resistance on Peleliu ends.
-Japanese merchant cargo ship Kinko Maru is sunk by aircraft, Yangtze River.
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#20 Bill Murray

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Posted 28 November 2004 - 11:16 PM

November 28, 1941
-Carrier Enterprise (CV-6) sails for Wake Island in TF 8 (Vice Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr.) to ferry USMC F4F Wildcats (VMF 211) to the atoll. Occasioned by the "war warning" of the previous day, the deployment is part of eleventh-hour augmentation of defenses at outlying Pacific bases. Halsey approves "Battle Order No. 1" (28 November) that declares that Enterprise is operating "under war conditions." "Steady nerves and stout hearts are needed now", the carrier's captain concludes. Supporting PBY operations will be carried out from advanced bases at Wake and Midway.
-Seaplane tender Wright (AV-1), arrives at Wake Island, with Marine Aircraft Group 21 people to establish an advance aviation base.
-U.S. passenger liner President Harrison, chartered for the purpose, sails from Shanghai, China, with the 1st Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel Curtis T. Beecher, USMC) and regimental staff (Colonel Samuel L. Howard, USMC) embarked, bound for the Philippines. "Stirring scenes of farewell," U.S. Consul Edwin F. Stanton reports to Secretary of State Hull, accompany the marines' departure.
During their storm-fraught passage to rendezvous with the river gunboats proceeding from Shanghai to Manila, submarine rescue vessel Pigeon (ASR-6) experiences steering casualty; minesweeper Finch (AM-9), which loses both anchors in the tempest, stands by to render assistance, and eventually, after three tries, manages to take the crippled ship in tow the following day.

November 28, 1942
-Cargo ship Alchiba (AK-23) is damaged by Japanese midget submarine Ha.10 (from submarine I-16) 3,000 yards northeast of Lunga Point, Guadalcanal.
-USAAF B-17s attack Japanese convoy en route from Munda, New Georgia, to Guadalcanal, and damage cargo vessel Chihaya Maru.

November 28, 1943
-Submarine Bowfin (SS-287) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Sydney Maru and merchant cargo ship Tonan Maru off central Philippines, but is damaged by Japanese gunfire and is forced to terminate her patrol.
-Submarines Pargo (SS-264) and Snook (SS-279) attack Japanese transport convoy escorted by destroyer Oite and auxiliary submarine chaser Choan Maru northwest of the Marianas. Snook sinks Yamafuku Maru.
-Submarines Raton (SS-270) sinks Japanese army cargo ships Hokko Maru and Yuri Maru approx. 400 miles north of Hollandia, New Guinea.

Novemeber 28, 1944
-Destroyers Saufley (DD-465), Waller (DD-466), Pringle (DD-477), and Renshaw (DD-499) sink Japanese submarine I-46 in Leyte Gulf.
-Submarine Guavina (SS-362) attacks Japanese convoy approx 75 miles east of French Indochina (VietNam) but while she achieves no success, she eludes counterattacks by submarine chaser Ch 43.
-USAAF B-24 (13th Air Force) sinks Japanese merchant tanker Atago Maru off Miri, Borneo.
Bill Murray

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#21 Bill Murray

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Posted 29 November 2004 - 11:33 PM

November 29, 1939
-Submarine S 38 (SS-143) is damaged by explosion of after storage battery, Olongapo, P.I.; four sailors suffer injuries.

November 29, 1941
-River gunboats Luzon (PR-7) and Oahu (PR-6) (Rear Admiral William A. Glassford, Commander Yangtze Patrol, in Luzon) depart Shanghai for Manila. Oahu (PR-6) is the sistership of river gunboat Panay (PR-5), which had been bombed and sunk by Japanese naval aircraft near Nanking, China, on 12 December 1937.

November 29, 1942
-USAAF B-17s damage Japanese destroyers Shiratsuyu and Makigumo in Vitiaz Strait off New Britain.
-Aircraft from Henderson Field sink Japanese cargo ships Azusa Maru and Kiku Maru at Wickham Anchorage, New Georgia.

November 29, 1943
-1st Marine Parachute Battalion is landed before dawn about six miles east of Cape Torokina from LCVPs and LCMs, covered by two LCI(G) and a motor torpedo boat; heavy Japanese opposition at daybreak, however, compels evacuation of the leathernecks. Destroyer Fullam (DD-474) aided by F4U, silences enemy artillery, mortar and sniper fire, and thus allows the successful extraction of the beleaguered marines.
-TG 74.2 (Captain Frank R. Walker), two U.S. destroyers and two Australian (HMAS Arunta and HMAS Warramunga), shell Japanese positions on Gasmata.
-Destroyer Perkins (DD-377) is sunk in collision with Australian troop ship Duntroon off eastern New Guinea.
-Submarine Bonefish (SS-223) sinks Surabaya-bound Japanese army cargo ship Suez Maru off Kangean Island, north of Bali. Unbeknown to the submariners, Suez Maru has on board 546 British POWs. Minesweeper W.12 rescues survivors.
-Submarine Paddle (SS-263) attacks Japanese fleet tanker Nippon Maru 19 miles off Brown Island, in the Marshall Islands chain.
-Submarines Pargo (SS-264) and Snook (SS-279) continue attacks against Japanese transport convoy northwest of the Marianas; Pargo torpedoes and sinks Manju Maru, Snook torpedoes and sinks Shiganoura Maru. Destroyer Oite and auxiliary submarine chaser Choan Maru counterattack to no avail.
-Submarine Snapper (SS-185) sinks Japanese transport Kenryu Maru off Hachijo Jima.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#22 Bill Murray

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Posted 29 November 2004 - 11:54 PM

November 29, 1944
In Leyte Gulf, kamikazes damage battleship Maryland (BB-46),and destroyers Saufley (DD-465), Aulick (DD-569).
-U.S. freighter William C.C. Claiborne, anchored off Leyte, is hit by what is most likely friendly fire that wounds 3 of the 28-man Armed Guard and 1 of the ship's 42-man merchant complement.
-Motor torpedo boats attack Japanese shipping in Ormoc Bay; PT-127 sinks Patrol Boat No.105 (ex-Philippine Arayat); PT-128 and PT-191 sink auxiliary minelayer Kusentai No.105.
-USAAF B-25s and P-47s (5th Air Force) attack Japanese shipping near Ormoc Bay sinking submarine chaser Ch 45. P-40s and P-47s (5th Air Force) sink army cargo ship Shinetsu Maru off Camotes Island and cargo ship Shinsho Maru off Ormoc.
-Submarine Archerfish (SS-311) sinks Japanese carrier Shinano 160 nautical miles southeast of Cape Muroto, Japan. At that time the Shinano was the largest aircraft carrier ever built and would remain so until the late 1950's.
-Submarine Scabbardfish (SS-397) sinks Japanese submarine I-365 off Honshu.
-Submarine Spadefish (SS-411) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship No.6 Daiboshi Maru off the west coast of Korea.
-British submarine HMS Sturdy sinks two Japanese fishing vessels off Bawean Island.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#23 Bill Murray

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Posted 01 December 2004 - 01:00 AM

November 30, 1940
-United States lends $50 million to China for currency stabilization and grants an additional $50 million credit for purchase of supplies.

November 30, 1941
-Japanese Foreign Minister Tojo rejects U.S. proposals for settling Far East crisis.
Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-10 reconnoiters Suva Bay, Fiji.
-U.S. passenger liner President Madison arrives at Olongapo, P.I., and disembarks the 2d Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel Donald Curtis, USMC). President Madison will then proceed on to Singapore.
-River gunboats Luzon (PR-7) and Oahu (PR-6) (Rear Admiral William A. Glassford, Commander Yangtze Patrol, in Luzon) rendezvous with submarine rescue vessel Pigeon (ASR-6) and minesweeper Finch (AM-9); they will remain in company until 3 December.

November 30, 1942
-Battle of Tassafaronga: TF 67, comprising four heavy cruisers, one light cruiser, and six destroyers (Rear Admiral Carlton H. Wright) surprises Japanese destroyers (Captain Sato Torajiro) off Tassafaronga Point, Guadalcanal. The enemy presses on to jettison supply containers to sustain Japanese troops on Guadalcanal, while torpedoes launched from destroyers Kagero, Makinami, Kuroshio, Oyashio, Kawakaze and Naganami wreak havoc on Wright's ships, damaging heavy cruisers Pensacola (CA-24), Northampton (CA-26), New Orleans (CA-32), and Minneapolis (CA-36). Japanese destroyer Takanami is damaged by cruiser and destroyer gunfire off Tassafaronga (see 1 December).
-USAAF B-24s (India Air Task Force) bomb Japanese torpedo boat Kari off Port Blair, Andaman Island, in a strike that inaugurates attacks on the sea approaches to Burma.
-German auxiliary cruiser Thor (Schiffe 10) is sunk by explosion of supply ship Uckermark, moored alongside, Yokohama, Japan. The blast also sinks German prize ship Leuthen and Japanese harbor craft in the vicinity.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#24 Bill Murray

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Posted 01 December 2004 - 01:11 AM

November 30, 1943
-U.S. destroyers bombard Japanese positions on Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville, Solomons.
-Submarine Gato (SS-212) sinks Japanese army transport Columbia Maru and escapes counterattacks by escorting submarine chaser Ch 24.
-Submarine Skate (SS-305) attacks Japanese carrier Zuiho, which, along with carrier Un'yo and escort carrier Chuyo and escort vessels is proceeding back to Japan from Truk. Although Skate claims one damaging hit, none of her four torpedoes strikes home (see 4 December 1943).
-PBY sinks Palau-bound Japanese cargo ship Himalaya Maru six nautical miles south of New Hanover.

November 30, 1944
-Submarine Pipefish (SS-388) is damaged by aerial bombs in South China Sea off Hainan, but remains on patrol.
-Submarine Sunfish (SS-281) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Dairen Maru off western Korea.
-Japanese bomber, evading a 12-plane combat air patrol, damages floating drydock ARD-17 with a near-miss, Kossol Roads, Palau.
-British submarine HMS Stratagem sinks Japanese cargo vessel Kumano Maru in Malacca Straits.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#25 Bill Murray

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Posted 01 December 2004 - 11:48 PM

December 1, 1939
-Submarine Division 14 arrives on the Asiatic Station, the first modern reinforcements received by the Asiatic Fleet in many years. Submarines comprising the division are Pickerel (SS-177) (flag), Porpoise (SS-172), Perch (SS-176), Pike (SS-173), Tarpon (SS-175) and Permit (SS-178).

December 1, 1940
-Headquarters for Alaskan units of Coast Guard is established at Ketchikan.

December 1, 1941
-President orders a "defensive information patrol" of "three small ships" established off the coast of French Indochina; he specifically designates yacht Isabel (PY-10) (reserve flagship for Commander in Chief Asiatic Fleet) as one of the trio of vessels. Schooner Lanikai is acquired and commissioned, but the start of the war results in her planned mission being cancelled. The third vessel, schooner Molly Moore, is selected for the mission but is never taken over. Lanikai's civilian career had seen her used as a "prop" in the filming of motion picture "Hurricane" that starred Dorothy Lamour and Jon Hall.
-U.S. passenger liner President Harrison arrives at Olongapo, P.I., with the remaining elements of the 4th Marine Regiment (Colonel Samuel L. Howard, USMC) withdrawn from Shanghai. President Harrison soon sails to bring out the last marines from China.
-As river gunboats Luzon (PR-7) and Oahu (PR-6) (Rear Admiral William A. Glassford, Commander Yangtze Patrol, in Luzon), submarine rescue vessel Pigeon (ASR-6) and minesweeper Finch (AM-9) proceed toward Manila, they become the object of curiosity by Japanese forces in the vicinity; first a floatplane circles the formation, then seven Japanese warships of various types.

December 1, 1942
-As a result of damage received in the Battle of Tassafaronga, heavy cruiser Northampton (CA-26) sinks in Iron Bottom Sound of Savo Island; Japanese destroyer Takanami goes down about 10 miles south-southwest of Savo Island.
-Japanese destroyer Isonami is damaged by planes (USAAF B-25s, B-26s, A-20s, and P-400s are all involved in raids on Buna) off Buna, New Guinea.

December 1, 1943
-Submarine Bonefish (SS-223) sinks Japanese transport Nichiryo Maru in Celebes Sea.
-Submarine Pargo (SS-264) sinks Japanese transport Shoko Maru north of Ulithi.
-Submarine Peto (SS-265) sinks Truk-bound Japanese transport Konei Maru approx 300 miles north of Manus, and escapes countermeasures by torpedo boat Otori.
-USAAF B-25s bomb Taikoo dockyard, Hong Kong, damaging Japanese transport Teiren Maru (ex-Vichy French Gouverneur General A. Varenne). Subsequently, the ship is written off as a total loss.
-USAAF B-24s pound Japanese installations at Wewak; among the heavy damage inflicted, small cargo vessel No.16 Yoshitomo Maru is sunk.

December 1, 1944
-Naval Operating Base, Kwajalein, is established.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington




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