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Today in the History of the Pacific Theater


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#426 Bill Murray

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Posted 12 September 2005 - 03:12 PM

Sept 12, 1943
-Tank landing ships LST-455 is damaged by dive bomber, eastern New Guinea area.
-Tug Navajo (AT-64), towing gasoline barge YOG-42, is sunk by Japanese submarine I-39, 150 miles east of Espiritu Santo.
-Submarine Permit (SS-178) damages Japanese aircraft transport Fujikawa Maru.

Sept 12, 1944
-TF 38 (Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher) (TG 38.1, TG 38.2, and TG 38.3) begins operations against Japanese shipping and airfields in the Visayas. Planes from all three carrier groups pound enemy installations on Cebu and shipping offshore, sinking gunboat Kiso Maru, auxiliary submarine chasers Mogami Maru and No.12 Kyo Maru, auxiliary netlayer Korei Maru, auxiliary minesweeper No.18 Choun Maru, guardboats No.97 Banshu Maru and No.4 Fukuju Maru, transports Bugen Maru, Nichiei Maru, Shiramine Maru, Oakita Maru, and Rakuto Maru, army cargo ships Keian Maru and Genkai Maru, merchant tanker Ayazono Maru, merchant cargo ships Toyo Maru, No.2 Shintai Maru, No.5 Shintai Maru, and No.8 Shintai Maru; and salvage ship Miho Maru. TF 38 planes also damage minesweeper No.21 Choun Maru off Cebu. Between Biliran and Cebu, TF 38 planes sink auxiliary minesweeper Takao Maru and auxiliary submarine chaser Nan-Ho Maru; in Bohol Strait, carrier aircraft sink motor torpedo boat Gyoraitei No.483.
-Ensign Thomas C. Tillar, USNR, a pilot from Hornet, in TG 38.1, is rescued by Filipinos after his F6F ditches off Apit Island, off the southwestern coast of Leyte. Before Tillar is recovered by SOC from heavy cruiser Wichita (CA-45), he learns from his rescuers that the size of the Japanese garrison on Leyte is negligible. That fact, when combined with the lack of aerial opposition encountered and the few airfields that exist on Leyte and Samar, prompts Admiral Halsey (Commander Third Fleet) to recommend that the planned attack on Yap be abandoned and that the date of the landings on Leyte be advanced from 20 December to 20 October 1944.
-Light minelayer Preble (DM-20) explodes acoustic mines in the shoals between Angaur and Peleliu; she and sistership Montgomery (DM-17) sweep most of the navigable waters by the end of the day.
-Destroyer Marshall (DD-676) captures boat with 44 survivors of Japanese light cruiser Natori.
-High speed transport Noa (APD-24) is sunk in collision with destroyer Fullam (DD-474) off Palau, Carolines; Fullam is damaged; oilers Millicoma (AO-73) and Schuykill (AO-76) are damaged in collision off the Palaus.
-Submarine Growler (SS-215) sinks Japanese destroyer Shikinami 240 miles south of Hong Kong, and escort vessel Hirado 250 miles east of Hainan Island.
-Submarine Pampanito (SS-383) sinks merchant passenger/cargo ship Kachidoki Maru (ex-U.S. passenger liner President Harrison) and tanker Zuiho Maru in the South China Sea approx 275 southeast of Haikou.
-Submarine Pipefish (SS-388) sinks Japanese auxiliary vessel No.7 Hakutetsu Maru off Shiono Misaki, Japan.
-Submarine Redfin (SS-272) carries out unsuccessful attack on Japanese cargo vessel Tosho Maru; counterattack by submarine chaser Ch 53 is likewise unsuccessful approx 10 miles east-northeast of Bulukumba, Indonesia.
-Submarine Sealion (SS-315) sinks Japanese transport Nankai Maru and merchant passenger/cargo ship Rakuyo Maru in South China Sea, east of Hainan Island; Sealion crew is unaware that the latter carries Allied POWs.
-Japanese tanker No.2 Eiyo Maru, damaged by Paddle (SS-263) on 7 September, is sunk by aircraft approx 50 miles southwest of Dipolog P.I.
Bill Murray

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#427 R Leonard

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Posted 13 September 2005 - 02:45 AM

The reason I asked was I remember reading toward the end of the war they had a small group of Japanese veteren pilots who were put in the latest fighter, don't recall which one and shot down a bunch of Hellcats in air to air combat. The American pilots were really surprised.

I have some fairly detailed information on carrier operations in the July - August 1945 time period. I vaguely recall the story you describe, but have never bothered to ferret out any corresponding loss data on the USN side. If you can come up with a date and location, I'll see what the US strike activity looked like.

Rich

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#428 R Leonard

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Posted 13 September 2005 - 02:46 AM

12 September 1942 – VF-5 F4Fs account for 1 A6M and 4 B5N near Guadalcanal.
12 September 1944 – In a series of raids on Japanese airfields across the central Philippines from the islands of Leyte to Negros – F6Fs in air-to-air combat from squadrons noted: VF-2 credited with 13 A6M, 1 J1N, and 1 unidentified; VF-14 with 3 A6M, 1 Ki-27, 2 Ki-43, and 2 Ki-45; VF-15 with 21 A6M, 2 J2M, 1 Ki-43, 2 Ki-44, and 1 Ki-46; VF-19 with 9 A6M, 1 Ki-43, 3 Ki-44 and 1 Ki45; VF-21 with 2 A6M, 1 B6N, and 1 Ki-43; VF(N)-41 with 1 G4M and 1 Ki-46; and VF(N)-78 with 1 P1Y. SB2C’s in air-to-air action in the same raids accounted for, from VB-14, 6 Ki-43 and 4 Ki-45; and from VB-19, 1 A6M.

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#429 TA152

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Posted 13 September 2005 - 06:52 PM

I found this from the book Zero, by Masatake Okumiya and Jiro Horikoshi.
The Japanese Navy's 343rd Air Corp equipped mostly with the Shiden fighter and commanded by Captain Minoru Genda engaged carrier fighters on March 18 and 19, 1945, that were attacking Kure Naval Base. Land, sea, and air claims were made by the Japanese for 119 US aircraft, with most being shot down by Genda's men and aircraft.
They were stationed at Matsuyama air base in Shikoku. ( page 283 of the paperback book)
http://www.aero-web..../cfm/343-35.htm
The book said they were not sure of the 119 aircraft shot down as to which were shot down by air, sea or ground forces.
I need a bailout of only $500,000

#430 Bill Murray

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Posted 14 September 2005 - 11:38 PM

Sept 13, 1939
-U.S. freighter Sea Arrow is launched at Oakland, California, the first major ocean-going vessel of that type completed on the west coast since World War I. The ship is later acquired by the Navy on 8 July 1940 and converted to the seaplane tender Tangier (AV-8).

Sept 13, 1943
-Submarine Permit (SS-178) damages Japanese fleet tanker Shiretoko approx 300 miles northwest of Tarawa.
-Submarine Snook (SS-279) sinks Japanese army transport Yamato Maru in the East China Sea approx 200 miles southwest of Shanghai, and although escorting destroyer Shiokaze claims her destruction, Snook emerges from the encounter to fight again.

Sept 13, 1944
-TG 38.2 (Rear Admiral Gerald F. Bogan) continues operations against Cebu, supported by TG 38.1 (Vice Admiral John S. McCain) and TG 38.3 (Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman), as well as against Japanese targets in the area of Negros, Cebu, and Legaspi. Navy carrier-based planes sink submarine chaser Ch 55 three miles northeast of Cebu. Late that afternoon, TG 38.1 is detached to provide support for the landings at Morotai.
-High speed minesweeper Perry (DMS-17) is sunk by mine, 750 yards off the southeast coast of Angaur, southern Palaus.
-Submarine Sunfish damages Japanese army cargo ship Gyoku Maru approx 90 west-southwest of Mokp'o South Korea and sinks army cargo ship Etajima Maru approx 20 further north.
-USAAF A-20s sink merchant cargo ship Akitsushima Maru off southeastern Ceram.
-Japanese landing ship T.153 damaged (probably by USAAF aircraft) off Iwo Jima.
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#431 Bill Murray

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Posted 15 September 2005 - 12:12 AM

Sept 14, 1942
-USAAF B-17s damage Japanese heavy cruiser Myoko as she is en route from Truk, Carolines, to carry out support operations off Guadalcanal,
USAAF planes (13 B-24s and 1 B-17 take part in the raid) sink Japanese ammunition ship Nojima Maru off Kiska, Aleutians; USAAF P-39s damage submarines RO 63 and RO 64 also in the area.

Sept 14, 1944
-TG 38.2 (Rear Admiral Gerald F. Bogan) attacks Japanese shipping and installations on and around Panay and Negros, supported by TG 38.3 (Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman); during these operations, Navy carrier-based planes damage motor torpedo boat Gyoraitei No.482 north of Cebu. TG 38.1 (Vice Admiral John S. McCain), en route to support Morotai landings, carries out strikes on Japanese installations on Mindanao; during the course of these operations, SB2Cs (VB 2) sink fast transport T.5 in Davao Gulf.
-Destroyers Farenholt (DD-491), McCalla (DD-488), and Grayson (DD-435), detached from TG 38.1, bombard suspected Japanese radar installation on Cape San Augustin, at mouth of Davao Gulf.
-Submarine Pargo (SS-264) lays mines near Natuna Island, South China Sea.
-Japanese escort destroyer Yashiro is damaged by mine off Formosa.
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#432 Bill Murray

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Posted 16 September 2005 - 12:16 AM

Sept 15, 1942
-TF 18 (Rear Admiral Leigh Noyes), covering reinforcement convoy from Espiritu Santo to Guadalcanal, is attacked by Japanese submarine I-19, which torpedoes carrier Wasp (CV-7). Irreparably damaged, consumed by gasoline fires, Wasp is scuttled by destroyer Lansdowne (DD-486). I-19, in the same spread of torpedoes, also damages battleship North Carolina (BB-55) and destroyer O'Brien (DD-415).
-Japanese battleships bombard Guadalcanal.
-Japanese destroyer Fumizuki is damaged by grounding in Formosa Strait.

Sept 15, 1943
-Fleet Air Wing 17 (Commodore Thomas S. Combs) is established in Brisbane, Australia, for operations in southwestern Pacific area.
-Destroyer Saufley (DD-465) and PBY (VP 23) sinks Japanese submarine RO-101 100 miles east of San Cristobal, Solomons.
-Submarine Haddock (SS-231) sinks Japanese collier Sansei Maru north of Truk.

Sept 15, 1944
-1st Marine Division (Reinforced) (Major General William H. Rupertus, USMC) lands on Peleliu, Palaus, in Operation STALEMATE II. Landing is preceded by several days of intensive carrier-based aircraft bombing and ship gunfire bombardment (TG 32.5, Rear Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf).
-TF 77 (Rear Admiral Daniel E. Barbey) lands Army 41st Infantry (Reinforced) (Major General John C. Persons,USA) on Morotai Island, N.E.I., in Operation TRADE WIND; supported by two heavy cruisers, three light cruisers and ten destroyers (TG 77.2) (Rear Admiral Russell S. Berkey) and aircraft from six escort carriers (TG 77.1) (Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague), screened by eight destroyer escorts. Airfield facilities built on Morotai will be used in operations to support operations against Japanese positions in the Philippines.
-Submarine Guavina (SS-362) sinks Japanese fast transport T.3 off Pagubas, southern Mindanao.
-Submarines Pampanito (SS-383) and Sealion (SS-315) rescue 73 British and 54 Australian POWs who survived loss of Rakuyo Maru when she was sunk by Sealion on 12 September, about 300 miles west of Cape Bojeador, Luzon. There had been some 1,300 men on board Rakuyo Maru when she was attacked.
-Submarine Stingray (SS-186) lands men and stores on Majoe Island, Molucca Sea.
-USAAF B-24s sink small Makassar-bound Japanese cargo vessels Kirishima Maru and No.6 Keinan Maru off Mongole Island.
-RAAF Beaufighters and USAAF A-20s bomb Japanese shipping off southeast coast of Ceram, sinking fishing vessels No.3 Hoyu Maru and No.4 Bonan Maru.
-U.S. aircraft sink Japanese guardboats Kaiko Maru and No.1 Kaza Maru, Marshalls.
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#433 Bill Murray

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Posted 16 September 2005 - 11:57 PM

Sept 16, 1940
-President Roosevelt signs Selective Training and Service Act, thus establishing the first peacetime draft in the history of the United States.

Sept 16, 1942
-Japanese overland assault on Port Moresby, New Guinea, "grinds to a halt" at Ioribaiwa.
-Japanese forces evacuate Attu, Aleutians.

Sept 16, 1943
-Japanese gunboat Seikai Maru is sunk by mine (laid by submarine Silversidess on 4 June) off Kavieng.
-Submarine Gudgeon (SS-212) engages Japanese minelayer Fumi Maru in an inconclusive surface gunnery action off Rota Island, Marianas.
-PBY sinks small Japanese cargo vessel Taira Maru en route to Hansa Bay.

Sept 16, 1944
-Second Quebec Conference (OCTAGON) attended by President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill ends. Combined Chiefs of Staff approve Admiral Halsey's recommendation to advance the invasion of Leyte from 20 December to 20 October.
-Marine Air Wings, Pacific is redesignated Aircraft, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific (Major General Francis P. Mulcahy, USMC) with headquarters at Ewa, Oahu.
-Motor torpedo boat operations begin from Morotai, N.E.I., to maintain patrols, break up the movement of Japanese troops in barges, and prevent seaborne counterattacks from Halmahera. Two Morotai-based boats, PT-489 and PT-363 transit 60 miles of mined waters and then run an 11-mile gauntlet of coast defense batteries to rescue downed F6F pilot from escort carrier Santee (CVE-29) in Wasile Bay, Halmahera; under fire for two and a half hours, both boats receive superficial shrapnel damage in the successful operation that snatches the aviator out of danger. Lieutenant Arthur M. Preston (Commander, MTBRon 33), commanding the operation, will receive the Medal of Honor.
-Destroyer Wadleigh (DD-689) is damaged by mine off eastern entrance to Kossol Passage, Palau.
-U.S. submarines operate against Japanese shipping south of Formosa: Picuda (SS-382) sinks army cargo ship Tokushima Maru in Bashi Channel; Redfish (SS-395) sinks fleet tanker No.2 Ogura Maru.
-Submarine Sea Devil (SS-400) sinks Japanese submarine I-364 off Yokosuka, Japan.
-Submarine Shad (SS-235) attacks, unsuccessfully, Japanese cargo ship Hakozaki Maru. Other Japanese losses include army cargo ship Imaharu Maru sunk by aircraft; and cargo vessel Imaji Maru sunk by mine.
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#434 Bill Murray

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Posted 19 September 2005 - 12:56 AM

Sept 17, 1943
-Motor torpedo boat PT-136, damaged by grounding, eastern New Guinea area is scuttled.

Sept 17, 1944
-TG 32.1 (Rear Admiral William H. P. Blandy) lands Army 81st Infantry (less 323d Infantry and reinforced by miscellaneous units) on Angaur, Palaus, supported by carrier-based aircraft and naval gunfire. Airfield facilities on Angaur will be used to support operations against the Philippines.
-Submarine Barb (SS-220) sinks Japanese escort carrier Un'yo and tanker Asuza Maru, 220 nautical miles southeast of Hong Kong. Barb and Queenfish (SS-393) pick up an additional 32 British and Australian POWs, survivors of the sunken Rakuyo Maru.
-Motor torpedo boat PT-371 is damaged by grounding, N.E.I.
-USAAF P-40s sink Japanese fishing vessel Hoyo Maru and damage No.5 Kyoei Maru off eastern Ceram.
-Japanese merchant cargo ship Shinai Maru is sunk by mine off east coast of Celebes.
Bill Murray

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#435 Bill Murray

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Posted 19 September 2005 - 01:11 AM

Sept 18, 1939
-President Roosevelt authorizes Coast Guard to enlist 2,000 additional men and to build two training stations.

Sept 18, 1942
-7th Marine Regiment reinforces marines on Guadalcanal.

Sept 18, 1943
-TF 15 (Rear Admiral Charles A. Pownall) aircraft attack Tarawa, Makin, and Abemama, Gilberts, to decrease Japanese pressure on the Ellice Islands and provide operational training. During the attack on Tarawa, TBFs, SBDs, and F6Fs from carrier Lexington (CV-16), and small carriers Princeton (CVL 23) and Belleau Wood (CVL 24) sink Japanese motor torpedo boats Gyoraitei and Gyoraitei No. 3.
-Submarine S-42 (SS-153) damages Japanese gunboat Chowa Maru.
-Submarine Scamp (SS-277) attacks Japanese convoy north of New Guinea, sinking army cargo ship Kansai Maru, but although damaged by depth charges (perhaps dropped by submarine chasers Ch 38 and/or Ch 16, known to be among the escorts) remains on patrol.
-Submarine Spearfish (SS-190) damages Japanese torpedo boat Sagi (premature explosion of two torpedoes).
-Submarine Trigger (SS-237) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Yowa Maru.

Sept 18, 1944
-Destroyer Case (DD-370) and submarine Sealion (SS-315) rendezvous some 700 miles west of Saipan to transfer medical officer and medical supplies to treat POWs rescued by the submarine on 15 September.
-Submarine Flasher (SS-249) sinks Japanese auxiliary gunboat Saigon Maru off Manila Bay.
-Submarine Pipefish (SS-388) damages Japanese army transport Rokko Maru off coast of Honshu.
-Submarine Thresher (SS-200) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Gyoku Maru in Yellow Sea.
-British submarine HMS Tradewind sinks Japanese army cargo ship Junyo Maru off Sumatra.
-USAAF B-25s damage Japanese auxiliary minesweeper Wa.5, salvage tug Futagami, and coastal/harbor minesweeper Ma 3 at Enderby Island, Carolines.
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#436 Bill Murray

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Posted 20 September 2005 - 02:08 AM

Sept 19, 1939
-VP 21 (PBYs), assigned to the Asiatic Fleet to provide aerial reconnaissance capability to safeguard the neutrality of the Philippines, departs Pearl Harbor for Manila, P.I. The squadron will fly via Midway, Wake, and Guam. Seaplane tender (destroyer) Childs (AVD-1) will provide support at Wake, the least developed place on the movement westward.

Sept 19, 1940
-Battleship Oklahoma (BB-37) collides with U.S. tug Goliath, Puget Sound, Washington.

Sept 19, 1942
-Submarine Amberjack (SS-219) sinks Japanese transport Shirogane Maru at northern entrance of Bougainville Strait.

Sept 19, 1943
-Submarine Harder (SS-257) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Kachiyama Maru.
-Submarine Scamp (SS-277) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Kansai Maru.

Sept 19, 1944
-Infantry landing craft (gunboat) LCI(G)-459 is sunk by mine off west side of Peleliu reef.
-Motor torpedo boat PT-371, damaged by grounding off northwest coast of Halmahera is sunk by demolition charges.
-Submarine Bang (SS-385) attacks Japanese shipping off east coast of Formosa, sinking tanker No.2 Toosei Maru and damaging Coast Defense Vessel No.30.
-Submarine Redfin (SS-395) sinks Japanese fishing vessel Nanko Maru.
-Submarine Scabbardfish (SS-397) damages Japanese submarine tender Jingei, 80 miles northwest of Okinawa.
-Submarine Shad (SS-235) sinks coast defense ship Ioshima (ex-Chinese cruiser Ning Hai) 85 miles off Hachij_ Jima.
-Saipan-based USAAF B-24s pound Japanes shipping off Chicchi Jima, damaging landing ship T.153 and small cargo vessel Tsukiura Maru.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#437 Bill Murray

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Posted 20 September 2005 - 11:06 PM

Sept 20, 1942
-Naval Operating Base, Auckland, New Zealand, is established.

Sept 20, 1943
-Covered lighter YF-579 sinks off San Francisco, California.
-Submarine Haddock (SS-231) damages Japanese fleet tanker Notoro east of the Palaus; auxiliary submarine chaser Takunan Maru conducts fruitless search for Haddock.
-Submarine S-28 (SS-133) sinks Japanese gunboat Katsura Maru 165 miles southwest of Paramushiro, Kuriles.
-Repair ship Hayase is sunk by Chinese aircraft, Ch'iu-Chiang, Yangtze River, China.

Sept 20, 1944
-USAAF B-24 aircraft attack Japanese shipping off Formosa, damaging cargo vessels Asaka Maru, Gokoku Maru, and Shinsho Maru.
Bill Murray

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#438 Bill Murray

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Posted 22 September 2005 - 12:43 AM

Sept 21, 1939
-President Roosevelt asks for repeal of arms embargo provision of Neutrality Act of 1937.

Sept 21, 1942
-Submarine Grouper (SS-214) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Tone Maru in China Sea, east of Shanghai.
-Submarine Trout (SS-202) sinks Japanese auxiliary netlayer Koei Maru south of Truk.

Sept 21, 1943
-Submarine Haddock (SS-231) torpedoes Japanese collier Shinyubari Maru west-northwest of Truk.
-Submarine Trigger (SS-237) sinks Japanese fleet oilers Shiriya and Shoyo Maru and merchant cargo ship Argun Maru, and damages fleet oiler No.1 Ozura Maru north of Keelung, Formosa.
-Submarine Wahoo (SS-238) sinks Japanese merchantfishing vessel Hokusei Maru.
-USAAF B-24 aircraft sink Japanese transport Takashima Maru southeast of the Admiralties.
-In the Indian Ocean the U.S. freighter Cornelia P. Spencer is torpedoed by German submarine U-188; when the U-boat surfaces to finish off the merchantman, however, the Armed Guard gunfire proves so accurate that the U-boat submerges and torpedoes the ship again (the explosion kills two merchant sailors). Cornelia P. Spencer is then abandoned. Torpedoed a third time she sinks soon thereafter. The survivors (39 merchant sailors and the 27-man Armed Guard) are divided amongst four lifeboats.

Sept 21, 1944
-TF 38 (Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher) begins strikes on Japanese shipping in Manila and Subic Bays, Clark and Nichols Fields near Manila, and the Cavite Navy Yard. At Manila, planes from TG 38.1, TG 38.2, and TG 38.3 sink destroyer Satsuki, fleet tanker Kyokuto Maru, oilers Sunosaki and Okikawa Maru, tanker No.2 Horai Maru, army cargo ships Norway Maru, Yozan Maru, China Maru and Tsukubusan Maru, merchant tanker Niyo Maru, cargo ships Hioki Maru, Risshun Maru, Rozan Maru, Nansei Maru, Yamabuki Maru, Toyofuko Maru, Wakashiro Maru, Eikyu Maru, and Fukuei Maru, cargo ships Amahi Maru, Soerabaja Maru and Yamakaze Maru. Navy carrier-based aircraft also sink Coast Defense Vessel No.5, passenger-cargo ship Hofuku Maru, tanker No.1 Ogura Maru, army cargo ships Surakaruta Maru and Yuki Maru, merchant tanker Shichiyo Maru and cargo vessel Nansei Maru north of Masinloc; destroyer Hibiki is damaged by strafing and by collision while attempting to save No.1 Ogura Maru. Planes also damage army cargo vessels Yuki Maru, Tsukubasan Maru, and tankers Horai Maru and No.1 Ogura Maru.
-Japanese army cargo ships Nansei Maru and Soerakarta Maru are sunk by aircraft.
-Submarine Haddo (SS-255), while lifeguarding for TF 38, sinks Japanese surveying ship Katsuriki 80 miles southwest of Manila.
-Off north coast of Luzon, Picuda (SS-382) sinks Japanese transport Awaji Maru; and Redfish (SS-395) sinks transport Mizuho Maru.
-Submarine Searaven (SS-196) sinks Kurils-bound Japanesearmy transport Rizan Maru.
-Submarine Shad (SS-235) sinks Japanese auxiliary minesweeper No.2 Fumi Maru east of Shinto.
-TU 33.13.1 (Captain Robley W. Clark), consisting initially of light minelayers Montgomery (DM-17) (flagship) and Preble (DM-20), four minesweepers and seven motor minesweepers (YMS), begins minesweeping operations in Ulithi lagoon. These operations will continue daily until 13 October, after which operations will be conducted on the 17th, 27th and 28th.

[ 22. September 2005, 11:05 PM: Message edited by: Bill Murray ]
Bill Murray

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#439 Bill Murray

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Posted 23 September 2005 - 04:02 AM

Sept 22, 1940
-Vichy France signs pact at Hanoi ceding airfields and agreeing to admit Japanese troops into northern Indochina.

Sept 22, 1942
-Submarine Amberjack (SS-219), en route to patrol the waters off Kieta, Bougainville, is damaged when she runs aground on an uncharted coral head off Oema Island. She remains on patrol.
-In the Indian Ocean, the U.S. freighter Paul Luckenbach is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-29 approximately 800 miles from the coast of India; although the four lifeboats containing the entire 44-man complement and 17-man Armed Guard become separated during the 16-to-21 day voyages, all hands will eventually reach safety.

Sept 22, 1943
-TF 76 (Rear Admiral Daniel E. Barbey) puts 20th Australian Brigade ashore at Finschhafen, New Guinea.
-Coastal transport APc-35, irreparably damaged by grounding en route to Renard Sound, New Georgia, is beached and abandoned.
-Gunboat Charleston (PG-51) is damaged when accidentally rammed by U.S. merchant ship Sam Jackson, Kuluk Bay, Adak, Alaska.
-Submarine Harder (SS-257) sinks Japanese merchant tanker Daishin Maru and cargo ship Kowa Maru.
-Submarine Hoe (SS-258) attacks Japanese fleet tanker Gen'yo Maru.
-Submarine Snook (SS-279) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Katsurahama Maru, and damages merchant cargo ship Hakutetsu Maru approx 40 west of Pyongyang, Korea.
-Submarine Trigger (SS-237) damages Japanese army cargo ship Gyoku Maru.
-In the Indian Ocean, the British destroyer HMS Relentless rescues 34 survivors from two boats from U.S. Liberty ship Cornelia P. Spencer, torpedoed by German submarine U-188 the day before. Freighter Sandown Castle rescues 16 men from a third boat.

Sept 22, 1944
-Aircraft from TF 38 continue to wreak havoc on Japanese shipping in the Philippines: off Cebu, Navy carrier- based planes sink gunboat Onoshi Maru and auxiliary submarine chaser No.16 Yusen Maru, and auxiliary submarine chaser No.7 Shonan Maru off western tip of Luzon. Off San Fernando, Luzon, U.S. Navy carrier planes sink fishery protection gunboat No.1 Suzuya Maru, merchant cargo ship Eishin Maru and merchant tankers No.9 Hammei Maru, No.7 Takasago Maru and No.24 Nanshin Maru; they also damage auxiliary submarine chaser No.2 Suzuya Maru and army cargo ships Taishin Maru (which is run aground to prevent loss) and Ceram Maru.
-Rescue tug ATR-1 is stranded on submerged wreck [WHERE].
-Submarine Lapon (SS-260) damages merchant cargo ship Jungen Go approx 60 miles northwest of Subic Bay, Philippines.
-Submarine Narwhal (SS-167) lands men and supplies on southwest coast of Mindanao.
-Submarine Pargo (SS-264) attacks, unsuccessfully, Japanese cargo vessel Manshu Maru approx 50 miles southwest of Brooks Point, Philippines; counterattack by destroyer Shiokaze is likewise unsuccessful.
Bill Murray

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#440 Bill Murray

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Posted 23 September 2005 - 06:43 PM

Sept 23, 1943
-Submarine Trout (SS-202) sinks Japanese transport Ryotoku Maru and merchant cargo ship Yamashiro Maru northwest of the Marianas and eludes counterattacks of the escort, auxiliary minesweeper Keinan Maru.
-Submarine Tuna (SS-203) attacks Japanese cargo vessel Shinwa Maru.

Sept 23, 1944
-TG 33.19 (Rear Admiral William H.P. Blandy) lands 323d Army Regimental Combat Team (81st Division on undefended Ulithi Atoll, Carolines. Ulithi will supplant Eniwetok as the Pacific Fleet's foremost advanced base in the Pacific theater.
-Battleship West Virginia (BB-48) reaches Pearl Harbor and rejoins the Pacific Fleet, marking the completion of the program of salvage and reconstruction of the ships damaged at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941.
-Submarine Apogon (SS-308) sinks Japanese guardboat No.6 Choyo Maru east of Honshu.
-Submarine Escolar (SS-294) departs Midway for first war patrol.
-German submarine U-859 is sunk by British submarine HMS Trenchant off Penang, Malaya.
-Navy land based aircraft sink Japanese auxiliary vessel Toshu Maru off Wowoni, Celebes.
-PBY sinks cargo ship Heiho Maru in Celebes Sea.
-Japanese gunboat Nankai and transport Hokkai Maru are damaged by mines (laid by submarine Bowfin on 29 January) off Balikpapan, Borneo.
-Japanese army cargo ship Kurogane Maru is damaged by aircraft, Manila.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#441 Bill Murray

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Posted 25 September 2005 - 01:15 PM

Sept 24, 1939
-Seaplane tender Langley (AV-3) arrives at Manila, P.I., to serve as the flagship for Commander Aircraft Asiatic Fleet (Commander Arthur C. Davis).

Sept 24, 1940
-Defense Communication Board is established; membership includes Director of Naval Communications (Rear Admiral Leigh Noyes).

Sept 24, 1942
-Japanese land on Maiana, Gilberts.
-SBDs (VMSB 231, VS 3) from Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, damage Japanese destroyer Umikaze while the ship engages in resupply operations.
-USAAF B-17 damages Japanese seaplane carrier Sanuki Maru off Shortlands Island, Solomons.
-In the Indian Ocean, the U.S. freighter Losmar is sunk by Japanese submarine I-165 about 250 miles west of Cape Comorin, India; of the ship's 9-man Armed Guard detachment, 3 are lost when she sinks. British ship Louise Moller will rescue 14 survivors on 5 October; seven survivors will reach the west coast of Ceylon by boat on 17 October 1942.

Sept 24, 1943
-Submarine Cabrilla (SS-288) attacks Japanese carrier Taiyo, escort carrier Chuyo, and destroyer Shimakaze northwest of Chichi Jima, torpedoing Taiyo. Chuyo tows the disabled carrier to Yokosuka. Taiyo is saved from worse damage because two of the three torpedo warheads that hit the ship (of the six fired by Cabrilla) detach upon impact.
-USAAF B-24 sinks small Japanese cargo vessel Shonan Maru off Mussau Island.
-In the Indian Ocean, the U.S. freighter Elias Howe is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-10 about 75 miles southeast of Aden. Subsequently, British seaplanes rescue one boatload of survivors and those on board two rafts; British trawler HMS Aiglon rescues the remainder. Two of the 42-man merchant complement are killed in the initial explosion; the 18-man Armed Guard survives intact.

Sept 24, 1944
-As Japanese shipping shifts south from Luzon in the wake of the heavy attacks there over the previous days, TF 38 follows, its planes hitting targets ranging from the Calamian group to the Visayas. Aircraft from three task groups (TG 38.1, TG 38.2, and TG 38.3) from TF 38 (Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher) participate. Off Calamian Island in Coron Bay, TF 38 planes sink flying boat support ship Akitsushima, cargo ship Kyokusan Maru and army cargo ship Taiei Maru, and damage ammunition ship Kogyo Maru, army cargo ship Olympia Maru, cargo ships Ekkai Maru and Kasagisan Maru, supply ship Irako, oiler Kamoi and small cargo ship No.11 Shonan Maru. South of Mindoro, other Navy carrier aircraft sink torpedo boat Hayabusa, minelayer Yaeyama and submarine chaser Ch 32. Off Masbate, they sink auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 39, auxiliary minesweeper Wa 7, merchant cargo ship Shinyo Maru, cargo ships No.17 Fukuei Maru and No.2 Koshu Maru, and transport Siberia Maru. In Visayan Sea, they sink army cargo ship Chuka Maru and tanker Kenwa Maru. In the South China Sea, they sink tanker Okigawa Maru.
-TF planes also damage supply ship Irako and oiler Kamoi, Coron Bay.
-Aircraft also sink Japanese army cargo ship Chuka Maru; army cargo ship Olympia Maru; and merchant cargo ship Shinyo Maru, Manila; cargo ship No.2 Koshu Maru is damaged by aircraft.
-Hospital ship Samaritan (AH-10) is damaged by grounding on Tauu Island Reef to the northeast of Bougainville.
-Submarine Barbero (SS-317) bombards Japanese radar installation on Batag Island off north coast of Samar.
-Motor minesweeper YMS-19 is sunk by mine off southeast coast of Angaur, Palaus.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#442 Bill Murray

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Posted 25 September 2005 - 01:21 PM

Sept 25, 1939
-VP 21 arrives at Manila, P.I.; it will be tended by Langley (AV-3), which arrived the previous day.

Sept 25, 1940
-French port of Nouméa, New Caledonia, sides with Free France.

Sept 25, 1942
-Submarine Sargo (SS-188) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Teibo Maru (ex-Danish Nordbo) off coast of French Indochina, 180 miles east of Saigon.
-Japanese land on Beru, Gilberts.
-USAAF B-17s damage Japanese light cruiser Yura off Shortland Island, Solomons.
-Japanese submarine I-5 is damaged by gunfire off Guadalcanal.
-USAAF P-39 fighters damage Japanese submarine RO-67 off Kiska, Aleutians.

Sept 25, 1943
-Tank landing ships LST-167 is damaged by dive bomber off Vella Lavella, Solomons.
-Submarine Bluefish (SS-222) damages Japanese merchant cargo ship Akashi Maru, and escapes counterattack by escorting auxiliary minesweeper Wa 4.
-Submarines Bowfin (SS-287), Billfish (SS-286), and Bonefish (SS-223) attack Japanese convoy; Bowfin sinks tanker Kirishima Maru 220 nautical miles north of Nha Trang, French Indochina. None of the other attacks prove successful, and the enemy ships continue their passage to Manila.

Sept 25, 1944
-Submarine Barbel (SS-316) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Bushu Maru off Togara Gunto.
-Submarine Guardfish (SS-217) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship No.2 Miyakawa Maru in Yellow Sea off Chinnampo, Korea.
-Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) lands supplies on Cebu.
-Submarine Searaven (SS-196) attacks Japanese small craft off southwest tip of Etorofu, Kurils, sinking No.1 Hirota Maru.
-Submarine Thresher (SS-200) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Nissei Maru in Yellow Sea.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#443 Bill Murray

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Posted 26 September 2005 - 11:23 PM

Sept 26, 1942
-Japanese submarine I-33 accidentally sinks while undergoing voyage repairs at Truk, Carolines.
-Japanese weather observation ship No.6 Kyoei Maru is damaged by aircraft (nationality unspecified) off Woodlark Island.

Sept 26, 1944
-Destroyer escort McCoy Reynolds (DE-440) sinks Japanese submarine I-175 northeast of Palaus.
-Submarine Pargo (SS-264) sinks Japanese minelayer Aotaka off Borneo.
-Submarine Thresher (SS-200) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Koetsu Maru in Yellow Sea.
-U.S. freighter Elihu Thompson is damaged by mines off Noumea, New Caledonia; fleet tug Apache (ATF-67) rescues survivors, and later beaches the ship to facilitate salvage. Of the 211 troops embarked as passengers, 32 perish in the explosions; there are no casualties among the 42-man merchant complement or the 33-man Armed Guard.
Japanese river gunboat Saga is damaged by mine, Hong Kong.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#444 Blazkowicz

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Posted 27 September 2005 - 07:16 AM

I hate to break the momentum of your posts Bill, but I just wanted to interrupt and thank you for posting this thread. It's interesting to drop in every now and then and read the daily goings on. Cheers!

Carry on... graemlins/salute.gif

Could the admins maybe make this an official feature for all theaters of operation?
:blaz: <--The man

#445 Bill Murray

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Posted 28 September 2005 - 02:01 AM

Hey there Blaz, welocme to our happy little group. By all means interupt at any point if you have any questions. I started this thread about 8 or 9 months ago and limited it to the Pacific and Indian Ocean Areas because that is what I know the best. However, since starting I have come across sources for the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea areas as well so I have been considering starting a thread along that line when I complete this one in a couple of months. Again, welcome to the boards.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#446 Bill Murray

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Posted 28 September 2005 - 02:19 AM

Sept 27, 1940
-Germany, Italy, and Japan sign Tripartite Pact at Berlin, thus establishing the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis.

Sept 27, 1942
-1st Battalion, 7th Marines (Lieutenant Colonel Lewis B. Puller) withdraws from Matanikau River, Guadalcanal, area in landing craft; extraction of marines is covered by gunfire from destroyer Monssen (DD-436) and SBD (1st Marine Air Wing). All available Higgins boats (24 in number) are sent to extract the marines, under Signalman 1st Class Douglas A. Munro, USCG. Munro, with a volunteer crew, interposes his boat so as to draw fire away from the five boats that are embarking marines. Munro is killed, two of his three-man crew are wounded (one mortally). He succeeds in his object, but at the cost of his own life. For his heroism, Munro is awarded the Medal of Honor, posthumously.
-Japanese land on Kuria, Gilberts.

Sept 27, 1943
-Submarine Bluefish (SS-222) sinks Japanese torpedo boat Kasasagi 25 miles south of the Flores Sea, N.E.I.
-Submarine Bonefish (SS-223) sinks Japanese army transport Kashima Maru, and damages cago ship Chihaya Maru.
-USAAF B-24s and P-38s bomb Japanese shipping at Wewak, sinking merchant transport Taisei Maru and cargo vessels Sakihana Maru, Taisho Maru, Fuji Maru, and Kiri Maru.
-Malayan saboteurs, promised a livelihood after the British reoccupy Malaya, sink Japanese cargo ship Hakusan Maru and damage cargo ship Kizan Maru at Singapore. Efforts to salvage the latter are eventually abandoned and the ship written off as a total loss.

Sept 27, 1944
-Special Air Task Force (STAG 1) (Commander Robert F. Jones) commences operations with TDR-1 drones (controlled from converted TBM-1c aircraft) against Japanese targets in the southwest Pacific. Four TDRs are launched against beached Japanese freighter used as antiaircraft emplacement off Kahili airstrip, Bougainville. Two drones hit the ship, one crashes just short (bomb does not explode) and one is lost enroute.
-Submarine Apogon (SS-308) sinks Japanese cargo ship Hachirogata Maru in Sea of Okhotsk off Shimushir Island.
-Submarine Bonefish (SS-223) damages Japanese oiler Kamoi 240 miles southwest of Manila.
-Submarines Flasher (SS-249) and Lapon (SS-260) attack Japanese convoy in South China Sea west of Luzon; Flasher sinks army transport Ural Maru and damages merchant tanker Tachibana Maru; Lapon sinks merchant tanker Hokki Maru.
-Submarines Narwhal (SS-167) and Stingray (SS-186) land supplies on north coast of Mindanao and east coast of Luzon, respectively.
-Submarine Plaice (SS-390) sinks Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No.10, 100 miles north-northwest of Amami-O-Shima.
-Submarine Searaven (SS-196) damages Japanese destroyer Momi off Etorofu, Kurils.
-British submarine HMS Thorough damages Japanese auxiliary sailing vessel No.9 Kashiwa Maru off north coast of Sumatra.
-PBY damages Japanese cargo ship Tateishi Maru off Jolo; the ship is beached to prevent sinking.
-Tank landing craft LCT-823 sinks after running aground off Palau.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#447 Bill Murray

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Posted 29 September 2005 - 02:03 AM

Sept 28, 1939
-Hawaiian Detachment, U.S. Fleet, is established in response to Japan's continuing undeclared war against China that has been underway since 7 July 1937. The establishment of the Hawaiian Detachment, to be based at Pearl Harbor, necessitates changing the schedules of the supply ships and oilers needed to provide logistics support.

Sept 28, 1942
-Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) torpedoes and sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship No.6 Tamon Maru east of Japan.
-Submarine Sculpin (SS-191) torpedoes Japanese seaplane carrier Nisshin east of Kokoda Island; the submarine is damaged by depth charges off New Britain but continues her patrol.
-Submarine Trout (SS-202) torpedoes Japanese escort carrier Taiyo east of Truk.

Sept 28, 1943
-Submarine Cisco (SS-290) is sunk, probably by Japanese naval aircraft (954th Kokutai) and gunboat Karatsu (ex-U.S.-river gunboat Luzon (PR-7)) in Sulu Sea, off Panay Island.
-Submarine Grouper (SS-214) lands men and supplies on south coast of New Britain.
-Submarine Gudgeon (SS-212) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Taian Maru. Minelayer No.2 Fumi Maru (which Gudgeon had engaged on 16 September 1943), counterattacks, but does not damage the submarine as Gudgeon and No.2 Fumi Maru encounter each other for the second time.
-Japanese minelayer Hoko is sunk by aircraft off New Britain.

Sept 28, 1944
-Marines (3d Battalion, 5th Marines and Company "G" 2d Battalion, 5th Marines) occupy Ngesbus and Kongaruru Islands in the Palaus, covered by naval aircraft and gunfire.
-Submarine Bonefish (SS-223) sinks Japanese merchant tanker Anjo Maru in South China Sea.
-PBYs sink Japanese merchant cargo ship Tone Maru in Makassar Straits.
-USAAF B-25s sink small Japanese cargo vessel Keishin Maru off Ceram.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#448 Bill Murray

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Posted 04 October 2005 - 12:23 AM

Sorry all, a combination of all night work on Thursday and an out of town trip for the weekend combined for a few misses here. Will spent the next few days trying to catch up.

Sept 29, 1939
-Battleship Arizona (BB-39) engineering plant is sabotaged, San Pedro, California. A thorough FBI investigation into the occurrence opines that the deed is done to embarrass certain ship's officers rather than cause serious damage.

Sept 29, 1940
-Midway Detachment, Third Defense Battalion, Fleet Marine Force (Major Harold C. Roberts, USMC) arrives on Midway Island to begin construction of defenses. The marines are transported by cargo ship Sirius (AK-15) and light minelayers Pruitt (DM-22), Sicard (DM-21), and Tracy (DM-19).

Sept 29, 1942
-Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-25 drops incendiary bombs on a forest in southern coastal Oregon--the second and last time a Japanese aircraft will bomb the continental United States during World War II in an attempt to ignite forest fires.
-Cargo ship Alhena (AK-26) is damaged by Japanese submarine I-4, 20 miles south of San Cristobal Island, Solomons.

Sept 29, 1943
-During a sweep to destroy Japanese barge traffic north of Kolombangara, destroyers Patterson (DD-392) and McCalla (DD-488) are damaged in collision.
-Submarine Bluefish (SS-222) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Akashi Maru.
-Submarine Gudgeon (SS-212) damages Japanese gunboat Santo Maru off Saipan. Transport Kenryu Maru tows the gunboat into Saipan.

Sept 29, 1944
-Submarine Narwhal (SS-167) evacuates 81 Allied POWs who had survived the loss of Japanese transport Shinyo Maru (sunk by submarine Paddle (SS-263) on 7 September) from Sindangan Bay, Mindanao.
-Submarine Skate (SS-305) sinks Japanese auxiliary minesweeper H_ei Maru and army cargo ship Ekisan Maru off Yoron Jima.
-Japanese guardboat Riki Maru is sunk by mine off Kota Bharu, Malaya.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#449 Bill Murray

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Posted 04 October 2005 - 12:32 AM

Sept 30, 1939
-Vice Admiral Adolphus Andrews (Commander Scouting Force) assumes command of Hawaiian Detachment, breaking his flag in heavy cruiser Indianapolis (CA-35). Andrews will shift his flag to carrier Enterprise (CV-6) on 3 October prior to the detachment's move to its operating base.

Sept 30, 1941
-Rear Admiral Harold M. Bemis, incapacitated by illness, is relieved as Commandant, Sixteenth Naval District and Navy Yard, Cavite, P.I., by Captain Herbert J. Ray.

Sept 30, 1942
-Heavy cruiser San Francisco (CA-38) and light minelayer Breese (DM-18) are damaged in collision, New Hebrides area.

Sept 30, 1943
-Motor torpedo boat PT-219 founders and sinks off Attu, Aleutians, sometime during September.
-In the Solomons area, tank landing ships LST-334 is damaged by dive bombers; motor torpedo boat PT-126 is damaged, accidentally, by USMC F4Us.
-Motor torpedo boat PT-68 is damaged by grounding off Vincke Point, Huon Peninsula, eastern New Guinea.
-Submarine Bowfin (SS-287) delivers supplies and evacuates people from Siquijor Island, P.I., and sinks small Japanese cargo ship Mitake Maru.
-Submarine Harder (SS-257) sinks Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser No.3 Shosei Maru.
-Submarine Pogy (SS-266) sinks Japanese army transport Maebashi Maru 300 miles east of Palau.
-USAAF B-25s and P-40s sink Japanese auxiliary minesweeper Chikushi Maru in Kwangchow Bay, China; the vessel is later salvaged, however, and resumes active service.

Sept 30, 1944
-Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) lands supplies and evacuates certain people from near Libertad, Panay, P.I.
-During Japanese air raid on U.S. shipping off Morotai, freighter Carl G. Barth is damaged by strafing; although 6 of the 118 passengers on board are injured, there are no casualties to either the 52-man merchant complement or the 26-man Armed Guard.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington

#450 Bill Murray

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Posted 04 October 2005 - 12:43 AM

Oct 1, 1939
-As of this date, the U.S. Navy consists of 396 commissioned ships divided amongst the major U.S. Fleet commands afloat: Battle Force (Battleships, Cruisers, Destroyers, and Aircraft), Submarine Force, and Base Force; the Scouting Force (Cruisers and Aircraft); the Atlantic Squadron; the Asiatic Fleet; the Special Service Squadron and Squadron 40-T. There are 175 district craft in service in the following naval districts: First (headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts), Third (New York), Fourth (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Fifth (Norfolk, Virginia), Sixth, Seventh and Eighth (Charleston, South Carolina), Ninth (Great Lakes, Illinois), Eleventh (San Diego, California), Twelfth (San Francisco, California), Thirteenth (Seattle, Washington), Fourteenth (Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii), Fifteenth (Balboa, Canal Zone) and Sixteenth (Cavite, Philippine Islands); vessels not in commission (but includes those ordered recommissioned incident to the expansion of the fleet) number 151; 5 district craft are carried as not in service. Vessels listed as "in service" include some used for USNR or Naval Militia training. Vessels not in commission include those loaned to the states of Pennsylvania, California, New York and Massachusetts for use as maritime school ships, the Maritime Commission and the Sea Scouts; as well as "relics" like the Civil War vintage Hartford, the Spanish-American War prize Reina Mercedes, and Spanish-American War veterans Olympia and Oregon. Interestingly, the 1 October 1939 list contains the gunboat Panay (PR-5), bombed and sunk by Japanese naval aircraft in the Yangtze River on 12 December 1937.

Oct 1, 1941
-Secretary of the Navy Knox approves "popular" names for naval combat aircraft: "Avenger" (Grumman TBF), "Buccaneer" (Brewster SB2A), "Buffalo" (Brewster F2A), "Catalina" (Consolidated PBY), "Coronado" (Consolidated PB2Y), "Corsair" (Vought F4U), "Dauntless" (Douglas SBD), "Devastator" (Douglas TBD), "Helldiver" (Curtiss SB2C), "Kingfisher" (Vought OS2U/Naval Aircraft Factory OS2N), "Mariner" (Martin PBM), "Sea Ranger" (Boeing PBB patrol bomber), "Seagull" (Curtiss SO3C), and "Vindicator" (Vought SB2U). Names supplement the Navy's letter-number designations, which remain unchanged and continue to be used in correspondence. As can be seen, the name "Avenger" is assigned well before either Pearl Harbor (7 December 1941) or the slaughter of torpedo planes at the Battle of Midway (4-6 June 1942). These two events are commonly believed to have motivated the assignment of this particular nickname to the TBF/TBM series. The name "Seagull" is also applied unofficially to the Curtiss SOC series which is in use in cruiser-based observation squadrons. Ironically, the SO3C proves a failure in service, and the SOC it was designed to replace serves on.
-Sale of War Savings Bonds to naval personnel is inaugurated on this date; under the direction of a Coordinator for War Savings Bonds, Supply Corps officers are designated as issuing agents and assigned to 28 major shore activities. Actual sales of the bonds will amount to $61,000,000--over 50 in excess of the predicted sales.

Oct 1, 1942
-Submarine Grouper (SS-214) torpedoes and sinks Japanese army transport Lisbon Maru 20 miles north of Chushan Island.
-Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) torpedoes and sinks merchant cargo ship Yomei Maru off Ichiezaki, Japan.
-Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) sinks merchant cargo ship Tosei Maru east of Shiriyazaki, Japan.
-Submarine Sturgeon (SS-187) damages Japanese aircraft transport Katsuragi Maru off Cape St. George, New Ireland.

Oct 1, 1943
-Motor torpedo boat PT-68, damaged by grounding off Vincke Point, Huon Peninsula, eastern New Guinea, is scuttled by motor torpedo boat PT-191 to prevent capture.
-Destroyer Saufley (DD-465) is damaged by near-miss of bombs from Japanese horizontal bomber, Solomons.
-Tank landing ships LST-448 is damaged by horizontal bomber, Solomons.
-Mobile degaussing barge YDG-4 sinks nine miles southeast of Bulari Passage, after running aground off New Caledonia.
-Submarine Peto (SS-265) sinks Japanese transport Tonei Maru and Japanese army cargo ship Kinkasan Maru, Southern Carolines.
-Submarine Wahoo (SS-238) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Masaki Maru in Sea of Japan.

Oct 1, 1944
-Office of Deputy Commander in Chief U.S. Fleet and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Vice Admiral Richard S. Edwards) is established.
-Special Air Task Force (STAG 1) drone operations continue with two separate attacks on Japanese positions on Bougainville. In the first, four TDRs are launched against antiaircraft gun positions on Ballale and Poporang Islands; one lands in the midst of them, a second detonates within 100 feet of the southwest end of Ballale runway; two explode on Poporang in the general area of the target. In the second, four TDRs (two allocated to each target) are launched against antiaircraft positions on Kangu Hill, two miles south of Kahili airdrome, and the Pororeri River bridge north of Kangu Hill; the first two TDRs hit the lower slope of Kangu Hill but one does not explode; one TDR crashes (perhaps hit by antiaircraft fire) while the second cannot find the target, and explodes north of Kangu Hill.
-Destroyer Bailey (DD-492) is damaged by strafing off Palau.
-During minesweeping operations in Ulithi lagoon with TU 33.13.1, motor minesweeper YMS-385 is sunk by Japanese mine in Zowariyau Channel.
-Submarine Cabrilla (SS-288) sinks Japanese tanker Kyokuho Maru, and merchant tanker Zuiyo Maru in South China Sea, west of Luzon.
-Submarine Hammerhead (SS-364) sinks Japanese ore carriers Kokusei Maru and Hiyori Maru and cargo ship Higane Maru north of Borneo.
-Submarine Snapper (SS-185) sinks Japanese coastal minelayer Ajiro and transport Seian Maru northwest of the Bonins.
-Submarine Trepang (SS-412) sinks Japanese supply ship Takunan Maru north of Ogasawara-gunto.
-Auxiliary minesweeper Kaiyo Maru is sunk by mine off Tsingtao, China.
Bill Murray

"God is great, beer is good, and people are crazy."
Billy Currington




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