Albona Republic is a Republic which was proclaimed on March 2nd, 1921 by the miners of Labin, Istria, modern day Croatia.
After the breakup of Austria-Hungary after the WWI, Italy tried to Italianize Istria and parts of Dalmatia and enslave the population of those parts.
Before they had taken the power in Italy, fascists occupied the headquaters of the workers committee in Trieste in 1921, burned it down and attacked the representatives of the trade union of Raše mine. 2000 workers of the mine Labinština organized a strike because of the event at Trieste and previous violent deeds against them. They quickly captured mines, proclaimed the Republic with the motto „The mine is ours“, they organized „Red Guard“ for protection against the fascists and managed mine production with the support of the local people. Fascists finally suppressed the rebellions in April 8th, 1921 after heavy fighting.
Even though the Fascists got to power in Istria in 1922, the Albona Republic uprising is considered to be the first anti-fascist uprising and resistance in the world.