Welcome to the WWII Forums! Log in or Sign up to interact with the community.

11th Welle

Discussion in 'Military Training, Doctrine, and Planning' started by Gothard, Mar 1, 2008.

  1. Gothard

    Gothard New Member

    Oct 4, 2007
    Likes Received:
    Formation of 10 Divisions ordered 21 July, 1940 2 days after Hitlers "Appeal to reason" Peace offer to England. At this time Germany was anticipating peace with England and shifting focus Eastwards. England rejected the offer July 22. This was partially in response to Cripps mission to Moscow and the subsequent report by Stalin of his rejection of British proposals inviting the Soviet Union into an alliance with England. Admittedly the preparations for Sealion were still in effect and the units may have been envisioned as a second wave for the British Invasion, but that's extremely doubtful.
    Bear in mind 70% of he German Army was Reservist, local defense militias, Border Gaurds, Untrained drafts and recalled WWI vets and the 11th Wave was the first wave called up AFTER the Invasion of France and was composed entirely of freshly drafted ( year groups 1919 and 1920 ) youths in addition to the 30% cadres garnered from units being converted to Panzer and Motorised Divisions. These were the first soldiers trained with the lessons learned in the previous 2 campaigns and were given the luxury of an extended 90 day training period. Officers were weak with 35% regular and 65% reservist but this was the same as the 1st and 4th Waves and substantially better than the rest of the army which averaged 10% Regular officers. Training was focused on fighting in the East. Hitler having made his commitment to launch the struggle effectively by July 31.
    Motorization of support units was acheived by using captured french vehicles after the Vichy government agreed to the shipment of its remaining war material to Germany in Spring, 1941 following the disarmament talks. The Divisional support elements were almost entirely motorised on this basis and the 11th Welle was fully comparable to the divisions of the 2nd and 4th waves - materially inferior to the 1st wave due to the French vehicles but totally superior in mobility to all other formations including the 3rd welle. Even to the inclusion of tracked french prime movers for the AT Guns.

    At the time of Barbarossa the entire 11th Welle was present, almost half were concentrated in 16th Army of Army Group North - 121, 122, 123, 126 ( German AT guns ) . the remainder divided between 4th and 9th Armies in Army Group Center. 129th in 9 Army and 131, 134 and 137 in 4th Army ( all AGC divisions were armed with French AT Guns ) and the Remainder ( 125 -to 17th Army and 132 - to 6th Army also with French AT guns ) in reserve Behind Army Group South.

    Beginning in Summer 1942 the 11th Wave divisions were reorganised from 9 to 6 Battalions - adding a Bicycle company to each Regiment and reorganizing the Recon and AT Battalions as a single joint Schnelle Battalion. all divisions being affected and the changes completed by September of 1942.

    By late 43 the divisions were reforming as type 44 divisions by replacing 2 of the Battalions with Ost Battalions. Most of the 11th Wave was destroyed 1944. 123 joining Corps Det. F as a divisional group after being destroyed in March, 125 forming a divisional group after being destroyed at Nikopol in March, 126 absorbing the 9th Luftfeld in Feb. , 129 lasting till summer when it was destroyed during the Narew battles, 131 Absorbed the 196 in August, 134 rebuilt from the 390 Fab division in March only to be pocketed and destroyed at Bobruisk in June.

    121 General Major Otto Lancelle ( Kia 7-3-1941 in Latvia )
    405 Regt. Oberst Dr. Friedrich Franek
    407 Regt.
    408 Regt.
    121 Artillery Regiment
    121 Recc. Battl.
    121 Panzerjaeger Battl.
    121 Pioneere Battl.
    121 Signals Battl.
    121 Divisional Services

Share This Page