There are some battles which can be seen as turning the tide, that moment when a path to victory began to open for one side or the other. In the Pacific component of World War II, the winning the Battle of Midway can be seen as that moment for the allied powers, especially the United States. The Plan The Battle of Midway is significant in that both sides were planning an ambush, except only one side knew it. On one side of the pacific, Japan was looking for a significant victory. It wanted the United States out of the Pacific and out of its business, so that it could have a free hand to do what it wanted. It was hoped that if there could be a second Pearl Harbour, that is, another terrible, demoralizing loss, the people of the United States would effectively give up and focus on the American mainland. The target for this second attack was Midway, an important base in the Pacific. What Japan and its leaders didn’t know was the United States had broken its code. The Americans knew, in advance, both the location of the attack and the date. They even knew what strategy the Japanese commanders were taking and had a rough estimate of the fleet was being divided. This allowed them to basically turn the ambush around, surprising Japan was unanticipated force. Japan was further hindered when a series of events left them without reconnaissance shortly before the attack. The Battle It was a testament to the initial superiority of the Japanese fleet that even with the ambush in place the Americans took a hard blow. The American “Buffalo” and “Wildcat” fighters struggled against the Japanese “Zero” fighters and suffered many losses in the clash. Midway was hit by Japanese bombers, in some areas badly damaged, but remained functional. The U.S. Navy counter-attacked using planes and carriers Yorktown, Hornet and Enterprise. They succeeded in their attacks against several Japanese carriers, leaving only the Hiryu to continue the battle. The Japanese were unaware of how many U.S. carriers were actually present in the battle and, in a last stand, delivered two serious blows; however, both were against the Yorktown, though the Japanese thought they had hit two separate carriers. The Outcome The battle did not end the war; however, it was a decisive victory. The Japanese navy lost a huge number of both pilots and weaponry. In order to compensate, they rushed the training of replacement pilots, who were not as skilled as the initial force and were easier to defeat. Their weapons industry was also set back several years, giving the United States a chance to train and build its own forces, effectively leveling the playing field and eliminating the Japanese naval advantages.