21) Infantry AFV: IJA developed a small number of special afv for infantry use. These were mainly used to transport men and supply. a) Type 98 Armored Transport So-Da: With the introduction of the Type 97 Tankette Te-Ke a special version for armored ammunition transport was developed. The engine was moved to the right of the driver. The fighting and engine compartments were replaced by an open top cargo bay. It was possible to transport up to 1 t of cargo or 4-6 soldiers. The tank could be loaded and unloaded through a large vertical two hatch door on the rear. A towing bar was mounted for lighter weapons up to the Type 1 47 mm Rapid-fire Gun. Data: Vehicles built: unknown crew: 2 men capacity: 1 t of cargo or 4 – 6 soldiers length: 3800 mm width: 1900 mm height: 1600 mm weight: 5000 kg empty armor strength: 6 – 12 mm engine: 4-cylinder Diesel power: 65 hp/2300 rpm speed: 45 km/h on roads range: 200 km armament: None b) Type 1 Armored Personnel Carrier Ho-Ki: In the late 1930th the development of full tracked transport vehicles started. After several trials with different suspensions Hino Motors developed a version with a semi-Christie suspension consisting of four large road wheels, a rear driving wheel, a forward idle wheel and two return rollers. Driver and engine were placed in the bow. On the rear a large open top transport compartment for up to 13 men was mounted. Access was possible by a large two door hatch on the rear. There was also a towing bar but with a trailer or gun towed it was a problem to unload the soldiers quick. The 6 mm armor was vertical with a slightly sloped bow armor. It was possible to mount a standard heavy MG on the driver´s compartment for defense. A 6-cylinder Diesel engine was used. Due to a low priority production did not start before early 1944. Several vehicles were sent to China and the Philippines but most of the limited serial production was issued to the 4rd Tank Division in Japan for homeland defense. Data: Vehicles built: at least 200 crew: 2-3 men capacity: 2 t of cargo or 12 - 13 soldiers length: 4780 mm width: 2190 mm height: 2580 mm weight: 5500 kg empty armor strength: 6 mm engine: 6-cylinder Diesel power: 134 hp/2000 rpm speed: 42 km/h on roads range: 300 km armament: none, a Type 92 7,7 mm HMG could be mounted c) Type 1 Armored Personnel Carrier Ho-Ha: In 1941 IJA ordered Hino Motors to develop a fast half-tracked APC similar to the german SdKfz. 251. It should carry up to 12 soldiers or 2 t of cargo under armor protection against infantry small rounds at a maximum speed of 50km/h. The halftrack design should be taken as it was expected that fully tracked vehicles of that size wouldn´t be able to drive at the necessary speed. The resulting vehicle had similarities with the SdKfz 251 but was a different design. The front axle wasn´t powered and should only be used to steer on harder ground. The rear suspension consisted of two pairs of large road wheels, a forward driving wheel, a rear idle wheel and a single return roller between the center road wheels. Both sides could be used for steering separately by using the reduction gears or the breaks. A 6-cylinder Diesel engine was mounted in the bow. A crew compartment for driver and commander was mounted behind the engine. The rear 2/3 of the vehicle were a large storage room. The 6 mm armor was arranged sloped to the front and the sides with the lower bow and side armor negatively and the upper armor positively angled. The rear armor was vertical. A large two-door hatch opening to the sides allowed access to the storage compartment. The whole rear structure was open top but could be covered by a canvas. For close defense three LMG could be mounted on each side behind the crew compartment and on the rear. Production did not start before 1944 with ca. 300 vehicles built. Most production vehicles were issued to homeland defense units. Only a few were sent to China and the Philippines with fewer reaching their targets due to the large air and sea superiority of the Allies. After the war some of the surviving vehicles were used for civil purposes but most were destroyed. Vehicles built: ca. 300 crew: 2 -3 men capacity: 2 t of cargo or 12 - 13 soldiers length: 6100 mm width: 2100 mm height: 2510 mm weight: 7200 kg empty armor strength: 6 mm engine: 6-cylinder Diesel power: 134 hp/2000 rpm speed: 51 km/h on roads range: 300 km armament: none, three LMG mounts could be mounted behind the crew compartment and the rear d) Experimental Amphibious Landing Vehicle: Amphibious wheeled vehicle with a lightly armored fighting compartment developed by Toyota. It was based on the Amphibious Truck Su-Ki. The boat-shaped hull made it possible to use the vehicle even in rougher sea. Details are unknown. Data: Unknown Yours tom!