Known as The Cat, Mathilde Carré was a divorced French army nurse who was recruited into the INTERALLIÉ resistance organization in 1940. She was cipher clerk and mistress to INTERALLIÉ’s charismatic leader, Roman Garby-Czerniawski (BRUTUS), but she was betrayed to the Germans by another member of the network, Christine Borue. In November 1941, the Paris Abwehr arrested almost the entire membership, including Carré, who agreed to cooperate with her captor, Sgt. Hugo Bleicher. Having reported Garby-Czerniawski’s arrest to London, she declared herself the leader of the new circuit and gave herself the code name VICTOIRE. In the months that followed, four transmitters maintained contact with London, but VICTOIRE confessed her dual role to an early Special Operations Executive parachutist, Pierre de Vomécourt, whose own network had been rolled up by the Germans. Together, in February 1942, they arranged a pickup by boat from the French coast. Once in London, Carré was interrogated about her relationship with the Abwehr. Initially she was allowed her freedom, but in July 1942 she was taken into custody because she was considered unreliable, and the decision was made to prevent her from returning to France with de Vomécourt, which had been their plan. She remained in prison, at Aylesbury and Holloway, until June 1945 when she was deported to Paris, where the French authorities arrested her and charged her with collaboration. She was sentenced to death in January 1949, reprieved and sentenced to hard labour for life, and then released in September 1954. Her autobiography, I Was the Cat, was published in 1959. Mathilde Carré, known as "The Cat"