9th July, 1941. Air Vice-Marshal N H Bottomley ( Deputy Chief of the Air Staff ) to Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse. Air Ministry Bombing Directive. ' I am directed to inform you..... ...that the weakest points in the enemy's armour lies in the morale of the civilian population and his inland transportation system..... 2. Subject, therefore, to Para. 7 below ( diversionary attacks ) I am to request that you will direct the main effort of the bomber force, until further instructions, towards dislocating the German transportation system and to destroying the morale of the civilian population as a whole and of the industrial workers in particular....' The full text of this Directive can be found in the official history, 'The Strategic Air Offensive Against Germany 1939-1945' Vol. 4 ( HMSO 1961),pp 135-137. The policy of area bombing was determined by the Air Council with the support of the other Chiefs of Staff ( including the Army ) and the ultimate sanction of the War Cabinet. One year earlier Churchill had minuted : 'When I look round to see how we can win the war I see that there is only one sure path.....there is only one thing that will bring him ( Hitler ) back and bring him down and that is an absolutely devastating, exterminating attack by very heavy bombers from this country upon the Nazi homeland'. IMPO this thread contains far too much personal opinion, 21st Century moralizing and airing of ideas. I'm sorry if documented facts spoil the fun and I'm not for one moment saying that Harris was a jolly nice chap. He wasn't. But suggesting that the British Government was somehow innocent of the policy of attacking civilians is as incorrect as David Irving's thesis that Hitler was somehow unaware of the Holocaust.