i posted this long ago but still can't find online literature as it was messaged to me by a soldier in another forum. it was after desert storm when the US army did a serious study regarding hand weapons for soldiers. they did a statistical analysis on nearly all the wars from 1900 to maybe desert storm. here are two interesting disclosures: 1. small arms accounted for only 5% of total war casualties 2. 95% of small arms engagements happened inside 200 meters. *** if you are to really accept these two findings, then it doesn't make sense to equip your entire army with rifles each costing more than $3000 (2001 prices), weighing 8 pounds bare, and capable of killing the enemy out to 600 meters. a carbine costing at most $2000, weighing 4.5 pounds bare, and a respectable man killer out to maybe 300 meters will do. for specialized weapons, whether you are a regular or a specwarrior, the choice is as wide as your imagination.