The number of participants who signed onto the cruises, which ranged from approximately 60,000 in 1934 to as many as 140,000 in 1939, never approached that of the homeland vacations nor that of the shorter excursions. Yet aside from a dip in 1938, the number of vacationers taking sea voyages steadily increased until the outbreak of war. In May 1934 as soon as weather permitted, KdF initiated its cruise program by sending the steamships Dresden and Monte Olivia from Bremerhaven to the North Sea island of Helgoland. The ships, filled with well-dressed and allegedly awestruck workers at sea for the first time in their lives, sailed through the Straits of Dover to the English Channel and Isle of Wight before returning to their port of disembarkation. from: "Strength Through Joy: Consumerism and Mass Tourism in the Third Reich" by Shelley Baranowski.