Neville Chamberlain was Prime Minister of Great Britain in September 1939 as Europe descended into World War Two after the failure of appeasement in the late 1930's. Chamberlain paid a political price for the failure of Britain in Norway in the spring of 1940 and resigned as Prime Minister to be succeeded by Winston Churchill. He died shortly afterwards. On September 3, Prime Minister Chamberlain went to the airwaves to announce to the British people that a state of war existed between their country and Germany. World War II had begun. It is one of the most famous radio broadcasts in British history. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's 1939 address to the nation announcing war with Germany has been replayed thousands of times, to the point where it nestles firmly at the heart of people's perception of World War Two.