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WW2 Landing Crafts

Discussion in 'The War In The Pacific' started by Jim, May 6, 2012.

  1. Jim

    Jim New Member

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    Landing Ship, Dock (LSD)

    Amphibious warfare in the Pacific threw up many requirements for specialised support vessels, among which was that for a 'mother ship' to transport landing craft across the vast expanses of ocean between Japan’s various island fortresses. On arrival at the beachhead, the LSD had provision to launch and support its complement of LCTs for the duration of the operation.

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    Landing Ship, Dock (LSD) [​IMG] [​IMG]

    DISPLACEMENT: 7,930 tons (7,805 tonnes) fully loaded
    DIMENSIONS: Overall length 457 ft 9 in (139.52 m); Beam 72 ft 3 in (22,02 m); Draught 17 ft (5,18 m)
    ENGINES: Two single shaft, geared steam turbine engines
    MAXIMUM SPEED: 16 knots (29.63 km/h)
    ARMAMENT: One 3 inch gun and up to twenty 20 mm Oerlikon cannons
    CREW COMPLEMENT: 290
    CARGO CAPACITY: Two LCT 3/LOT 4, three LCT 5 or 36 LCM 3 landing craft or 1,500 tons (1,477 tonnes) of cargo and 263 troops.

    Landing Craft, Vehicle & Personnel (LCVP)

    One of the work horses of the Pacific war, the wooden LCVP was manufactured on a large scale by a network of contractors throughout the United States. Capable of carrying troops, cargo or vehicles, America's 'island hopping' strategy would have been impossible without these humble craft shuttling to and fro between the ocean-going transports and the various beachheads.

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    Landing Craft, Vehicle & Personnel (LCVP) [​IMG] [​IMG]

    DISPLACEMENT: 11 1/2 tons (11.32 tonnes) fully loaded
    DIMENSIONS: Overall length 36 ft (10.97m) Beam 10ft 6in (3.20m) Draught 26 in (0.66m)
    ENGINE: Single shaft, water-cooled petrol or diesel engine
    MAXIMUM SPEED: 9 knots (16.67 km/h)
    ARMAMENT: Two 0.303in Browning machine guns.
    CREW COMPLEMENT: Three
    CARGO CAPACITY: One 3 ton (2,722 kg) truck, 36 troops or 31/2 tons (3,175 kg) of freight.

    The success of the US amphibious operations in the Pacific hinged on these unpretentious vessels.

    The first wave of an island assault force was made upon LVTs supported by specialised fire support to soften up the beachhead. The escorting warships laid down suppressive gunfire inland. Following the assault wave came landing craft ferrying in reinforcements.

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    With the assault troops ashore, reinforcements are transferred to LVTs if the enemy's fire necessitates. Once the beachhead has been secured, work starts on constructing support facilities (airstrips, fuel dumps, field hospitals etc) to back up the troops fighting inland to secure the island.

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  2. Jim

    Jim New Member

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    Landing Vehicle, Tracked (LVT) 4

    Known as the 'Buffalo' 18,000 of these amphibious cargo carriers were produced between 1943 and 1945. Used primarily by the USMC in the Pacific, the LVT-4 featured a rear loading ramp, an armoured cargo area and was powered in the water by means of its tracks. In addition to American usage, the British Army used the vehicle in Northern Italy, at Walcheren and for the Rhine crossing in 1945.


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    Landing Vehicle, Tracked (LVT) 4 [​IMG]

    TYPE: Amphibious cargo-carrying vehicle
    CREW: Commander, driver and three gunners
    ENGINE: One 250 hp Continental W670-9A air-cooled radial engine
    WEIGHT: 17.6 tons (15,967 kg) loaded
    DIMENSIONS: Overall length 26 ft 2 in (7.97 m); Width 10 ft 8 in (3.25 m); Height 10ft 2 1/2 in (3.07 m)
    ARMAMENT: Two 0.5 in Browning and one 0.303 in Browning machine guns
    PERFORMANCE: Maximum road speed 15 mph (24 km/h); Maximum sea speed 7 mph (11 km/h)

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